J Adv Prosthodont.  2014 Dec;6(6):512-520. 10.4047/jap.2014.6.6.512.

Osteoblastic behavior to zirconium coating on Ti-6Al-4V alloy

Affiliations
  • 1School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea. youngjun@chonnam.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Stomatology, Affiliated Hospital of Yanbian University, Yanji, Jilin, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to assess the surface characteristics and the biocompatibility of zirconium (Zr) coating on Ti-6Al-4V alloy surface by radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering method.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The zirconium films were developed on Ti-6Al-4V discs using RF magnetron sputtering method. Surface profile, surface composition, surface roughness and surface energy were evaluated. Electrochemical test was performed to evaluate the corrosion behavior. Cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and gene expression of mineralized matrix markers were measured.
RESULTS
SEM and EDS analysis showed that zirconium deposition was performed successfully on Ti-6Al-4V alloy substrate. Ti-6Al-4V group and Zr-coating group showed no significant difference in surface roughness (P>.05). Surface energy was significantly higher in Zr-coating group than in Ti-6Al-4V group (P<.05). No difference in cell morphology was observed between Ti-6Al-4V group and Zr-coating group. Cell proliferation was higher in Zr-coating group than Ti-6Al-4V group at 1, 3 and 5 days (P<.05). Zr-coating group showed higher ALP activity level than Ti-6Al-4V group (P<.05). The mRNA expressions of bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteocalcin (OCN) on Zr-coating group increased approximately 1.2-fold and 2.1-fold respectively, compared to that of Ti-6Al-4V group.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that zirconium coating on Ti-6Al-4V alloy could enhance the early osteoblast responses. This property could make non-toxic metal coatings on Ti-6Al-4V alloy suitable for orthopedic and dental implants.

Keyword

Biocompatible materials; Surface-coated materials; Zirconium; Titanium; Surface properties; Cell proliferation

MeSH Terms

Alkaline Phosphatase
Alloys*
Biocompatible Materials
Cell Proliferation
Coated Materials, Biocompatible
Corrosion
Dental Implants
Gene Expression
Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein
Orthopedics
Osteoblasts*
Osteocalcin
RNA, Messenger
Surface Properties
Titanium
Zirconium*
Alkaline Phosphatase
Alloys
Biocompatible Materials
Coated Materials, Biocompatible
Dental Implants
Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein
Osteocalcin
RNA, Messenger
Titanium
Zirconium
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