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Paget's Disease of Bone Affecting Peripheral Limb: Difficulties in Diagnosis: A Case Report

Lee JK, Kang YK, Wang PW, Hong SM

In terms of management of Paget's disease of bone (PDB), early diagnosis and proper management achieving remission is essential with lifelong specialist follow-up. We present the case of a 40-year-old...
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Diagnosis and Treatment of Brown Tumor

Cho YJ, Cho YM, Na SM, Jung ST

PURPOSE: Brown tumor is a tumor-like disease that can occur as a linked disease of hyperparathyroidism which can causes osteoporosis, osteitis fibrosa cystica, pathologic fractures. Brown tumor has been reported...
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Bioactivity of endodontic biomaterials on dental pulp stem cells through dentin

Javid B, Panahandeh N, Torabzadeh H, Nazarian H, Parhizkar , Asgary S

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the indirect effect of calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), as 2 calcium silicate-based hydraulic cements, on human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs)...
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MicroRNA-10b Plays a Role in Bone Formation by Suppressing Interleukin-22 in Ankylosing Spondylitis

Park PR, Jo S, Jin SH, Kim TJ

OBJECTIVE: The microRNA (miR)-10b is the T helper (Th) 17 cell specific in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The interleukin (IL)-22, which is closely related to Th17 cells, has been...
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Nationwide Cross-sectional Study of Association between Pterygium and Alkaline Phosphatase in a Population from Korea

Kim HJ, Rah SH, Kim SW, Kim SH

PURPOSE: We determined whether elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was related to prevalence, location, type, length, and recurrence of pterygium in a population from the Republic of Korea. METHODS: A nationwide...
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Predictors of early postoperative hypocalcemia after total parathyroidectomy in renal hyperparathyroidism

Tan PG, Ab. Hadi I, Zahari Z, Yahya MM, Wan Zain W, Wong MP, Ramely R, Md Hashim , Syed Abd. Aziz SH, Zakaria Z, Zakaria AD

PURPOSE: Patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism are at high risk for developing postoperative hypocalcemia. However, there are limited data regarding predictors of postoperative hypocalcemia in renal failure patient with secondary hyperparathyroidism....
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Platelet-Rich Plasma Pretreatment on Grit-Blasted Titanium Alloy for Enhanced Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells

Hong SH, Nam J, Kim HJ, Yoo JJ

BACKGROUND: Adequate bone formation around titanium alloy implants is integral to successful implantation surgery. Stem cell-coated implants may accelerate peri-implant bone formation. This study investigates the effect of platelet-rich plasma...
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Protective Effects of Ursolic Acid on Osteoblastic Differentiation via Activation of IER3/Nrf2

Lee SI

BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is a known to be associated with in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory diseases, including periodontitis. Ursolic acid is a pentacyclic triterpenoid with has antimicrobial, antioxidative, and...
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Improvement in histology, enzymatic activity, and redox state of the liver following administration of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil in rats with established hepatotoxicity

Niknezhad , Sayad-Fathi S, Karimzadeh A, Ghorbani-Anarkooli M, Yousefbeyk F, Nasiri E

Formaldehyde (FA) is an environmentally-available pollutant. Since the liver acts as a detoxifier in the human body, it is the first and most affected organ in individuals exposed to higher-than-normal...
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Reference values of hematological and biochemical parameters in young-adult cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) and rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) anesthetized with ketamine hydrochloride

Koo BS, Lee DH, Kang P, Jeong KJ, Lee S, Kim K, Lee Y, Huh JW, Kim YH, Park SJ, Jin YB, Kim SU, Kim JS, Son Y, Lee SR

Nonhuman primate models are valuable in biomedical research. However, reference data for clinical pathology parameters in cynomolgus and rhesus monkeys are limited. In the present study, we established hematologic and...
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Comparative analysis of unperforated and perforated appendicitis in laboratory values of patients who visited emergency center

Cho D, Seo JY

OBJECTIVE: Unperforated and perforated acute appendicitis need to be differentiated because appendicitis with a free perforation requires an emergency operation to prevent contamination inside the bowel from spreading into the...
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Predictive factors for gangrene complication in acute calculous cholecystitis

Shirah BH, Shirah HA, Saleem MA, Chughtai M, Elraghi MA, Shams ME

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Gallbladder gangrene is a grave complication of acute calculous cholecystitis that is difficult to detect preoperatively. Ultrasound could show a gallbladder wall that is more thickened. In addition, other...
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Evaluation of Challenges in Diagnosis of Spontaneous Subacute Pyogenic Spondylodiscitis in Immunocompetent Patients: Experiences from a Tertiary Care Center

Pandita N, Paul S, Yadav G, Kalia RB, Kandwal P

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. PURPOSE: We evaluated the challenges faced during diagnosis and management of patients with subacute pyogenic discitis and discussed various clues in clinical history, radiologic and hematologic...
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Stimulatory Effects of KPR-A148 on Osteoblast Differentiation and Bone Regeneration

Lim S, Kim JA, Lee T, Lee D, Nam SH, Lim J, Park EK

BACKGROUND: Xanthine derivatives have been used to treat a variety of medical conditions including respiratory disease and neural degeneration. However, few studies have reported their effects on bone regeneration. Therefore,...
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Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2-Conjugated Silica Particles Enhanced Early Osteogenic Differentiation of Adipose Stem Cells on the Polycaprolactone Scaffold

Kim KJ, Choi MS, Shim JH, Rhie JW

BACKGROUND: Silica particles (SPs) induce cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. We reported that SPs in the scaffold induced early stage osteogenic differentiation. METHODS: A polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold was fabricated with a...
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Silencing of LncRNA-ANCR Promotes the Osteogenesis of Osteoblast Cells in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis via Targeting EZH2 and RUNX2

Cai N, Li C, Wang F

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the effects and mechanisms of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) anti-differentiation non-coding RNA (ANCR) on the osteogenesis of osteoblast cells in postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP). MATERIALS AND...
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FGF-17 from Hypoxic Human Wharton's Jelly-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Is Responsible for Maintenance of Cell Proliferation at Late Passages

Han KH, Kim MH, Jeong GJ, Kim AK, Chang JW, Kim DI

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although it is well known that hypoxic culture conditions enhance proliferation of human mesenchymal stem cells, the exact mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we...
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Effect of quercetin on the anti-tumor activity of cisplatin in EMT6 breast tumor-bearing mice

Liu H, Lee JI, Ahn TG

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of quercetin on the antitumor activity of cisplatin and its side-effects. METHODS: EMT6 cells, a mouse breast cancer cell line,...
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Additive effects of eldecalcitol in poorly responding long-term bisphosphonate treatment for osteoporosis

Kamimura M, Ikegami S, Mukaiyama , Koiwai H, Nakamura Y, Taguchi A, Kato H

OBJECTIVES: We examined whether eldecalcitol (ELD) provided additive bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover marker gains in patients undergoing long-term bisphosphonate (BP) usage, especially in osteoporotic individuals exhibiting a...
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Safety and efficacy in actual clinical practice of once-weekly subcutaneous teriparatide for osteoporosis patients with a high fracture risk

Ifuku E, Yoshimura , Uzawa T, Hokonohara T

OBJECTIVES: To reassess the safety and efficacy of once-weekly teriparatide 56.5 mg in osteoporosis patients with a high fracture risk. METHODS: This postmarketing observational study was conducted at 72 weeks according...
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