Korean J Physiol Pharmacol.  2017 Mar;21(2):205-213. 10.4196/kjpp.2017.21.2.205.

Quercetin induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in triple-negative breast cancer cells through modulation of Foxo3a activity

Affiliations
  • 1Institute for Skeletal Aging & Orthopedic Surgery, Hallym University-Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Chuncheon 24252, Korea. jsnam88@hallym.ac.kr totalhip@hallym.ac.kr

Abstract

Quercetin, a plant-derived flavonoid found in fruits, vegetables and tea, has been known to possess bioactive properties such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer. In this study, anti-cancer effect of quercetin and its underlying mechanisms in triple-negative breast cancer cells was investigated. MTT assay showed that quercetin reduced breast cancer cell viability in a time and dose dependent manner. For this, quercetin not only increased cell apoptosis but also inhibited cell cycle progression. Moreover, quercetin increased FasL mRNA expression and p51, p21 and GADD45 signaling activities. We also observed that quercetin induced protein level, transcriptional activity and nuclear translocation of Foxo3a. Knockdown of Foxo3a caused significant reduction in the effect of quercetin on cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. In addition, treatment of JNK inhibitor (SP 600125) abolished quercetin-stimulated Foxo3a activity, suggesting JNK as a possible upstream signaling in regulation of Foxo3a activity. Knockdown of Foxo3a and inhibition of JNK activity reduced the signaling activities of p53, p21 and GADD45, triggered by quercetin. Taken together, our study suggests that quercetin induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest via modification of Foxo3a signaling in triple-negative breast cancer cells.

Keyword

Apoptosis; Cell cycle arrest; Foxo3a; Quercetin; Triple-negative breast cancer

MeSH Terms

Apoptosis*
Breast Neoplasms
Cell Cycle Checkpoints*
Cell Cycle*
Cell Survival
Fruit
Quercetin*
RNA, Messenger
Tea
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms*
Vegetables
Quercetin
RNA, Messenger
Tea
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