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Podophyllotoxin Induces ROS-Mediated Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest in Human Colorectal Cancer Cells via p38 MAPK Signaling

Lee SO, Joo SH, Kwak AW, Lee MH, Seo JH, Cho SS, Yoon G, Chae JI, Shim JH

Podophyllotoxin (PT), a lignan compound from the roots and rhizomes of Podophyllum peltatum, has diverse pharmacological activities including anticancer effect in several types of cancer. The molecular mechanism of the...
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Biomarker-Guided Risk Assessment for Acute Kidney Injury: Time for Clinical Implementation?

Albert C, Haase M, Albert A, Zapf A, Braun-Dullaeus RC, Haase-Fielitz A

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious complication in hospitalized patients, which continues to pose a clinical challenge for treating physicians. The most recent Kidney Disease Improving Global...
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Novel SIRT Inhibitor, MHY2256, Induces Cell Cycle Arrest, Apoptosis, and Autophagic Cell Death in HCT116 Human Colorectal Cancer Cells

Kim MJ, Kang YJ, Sung B, Jang JY, Ahn YR, Oh HJ, Choi H, Choi I, Im E, Moon HR, Chung HY, Kim ND

We examined the anticancer effects of a novel sirtuin inhibitor, MHY2256, on HCT116 human colorectal cancer cells to investigate its underlying molecular mechanisms. MHY2256 significantly suppressed the activity of sirtuin...
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The Antiproliferation Activity of Ganoderma formosanum Extracts on Prostate Cancer Cells

Chiang CY, Hsu KD, Lin YY, Hsieh CW, Liu JM, Lu TY, Cheng KC

Androgen-independent prostate cancer accounts for mortality in the world. In this study, various extracts of a medical fungus dubbed Ganoderma formosanum were screened for inhibition of DU145 cells, an androgen-independent...
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NUP210 and MicroRNA-22 Modulate Fasto Elicit HeLa Cell Cycle Arrest

Gu Q, Hou W, Liu H, Shi L, Zhu Z, Ye W, Ni X

Purpose: Cervical cancer is one of the most fatal diseases among women in under-developed countries. To improve cervical cancer treatment, discovery of new targets is needed. In this study, we investigated...
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Mesenchymal stem cells in acute myeloid leukemia: a focus on mechanisms involved and therapeutic concepts

Fathi E, Sanaat Z, Farahzadi

Drug resistance in cancer, especially in leukemia, creates a dilemma in treatment planning. Consequently, studies related to the mechanisms underlying drug resistance, the molecular pathways involved in this phenomenon, and...
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Induction of Melanoma Cell-Selective Apoptosis Using Anti-HER2 Antibody-Conjugated Gold Nanoparticles

Jeon HJ, Choi BB, Park KH, Hwang DS, Kim UK, Kim GC

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to verify the induction and mechanism of selective apoptosis in G361 melanoma cells using anti-HER2 antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles (GNP-HER2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following GNP-HER2 treatment of...
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Bleomycin Inhibits Proliferation via Schlafen-Mediated Cell Cycle Arrest in Mouse Alveolar Epithelial Cells

Jang S, Ryu SM, Lee J, Lee H, Hong SH, Ha KS, Park WS, Han ET, Yang SR

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis involves irreversible alveolar destruction. Although alveolar epithelial type II cells are key functional participants within the lung parenchyma, how epithelial cells are affected upon bleomycin (BLM)...
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Restorative Mechanism of Neural Progenitor Cells Overexpressing Arginine Decarboxylase Genes Following Ischemic Injury

Kim JY, Kim JY, Kim JH, Jung H, Lee WT, Lee JE

Cell replacement therapy using neural progenitor cells (NPCs) following ischemic stroke is a promising potential therapeutic strategy, but lacks efficacy for human central nervous system (CNS) therapeutics. In a previous...
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Decursin induces apoptosis in glioblastoma cells, but not in glial cells via a mitochondria-related caspase pathway

Oh ST, Lee S, Hua C, Koo BS, Pak SC, Kim DI, Jeon S, Shin BA

Decursin is a major biological active component of Angelica gigas Nakai and is known to induce apoptosis of metastatic prostatic cancer cells. Recently, other reports have been commissioned to examine...
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Methanol Extracts of Codium fragile Induces Apoptosis through G1/S Cell Cycle Arrest in FaDu Human Hypopharynx Squamous Carcinoma Cells

Lee SA, Park BR, Moon SM, Kim DK, Kim CS

Codium fragile (Suringar) Hariot is an edible green seaweed that belong to the Codiaceae family and has been used in Oriental medicine for the treatment of enterobiasis, dropsy, and dysuria....
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Anti-proliferative Effect of 15,16-Dihydrotanshinone I Through Cell Cycle Arrest and the Regulation of AMP-activated Protein Kinase/Akt/mTOR and Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Signaling Pathway in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

Hong JY, Park SH, Park HJ, Lee SK

BACKGROUND: 15,16-dihydrotanshinone I (DHTS) is a natural abietane diterpenoid that is mainly found in the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Labiatae). DHTS exhibits a potential anti-proliferative effect in various human...
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Panduratin A Inhibits Cell Proliferation by Inducing G0/G1 Phase Cell Cycle Arrest and Induces Apoptosis in Breast Cancer Cells

Liu Q, Cao Y, Zhou P, Gui S, Wu X, Xia Y, Tu J

Because of the unsatisfactory treatment options for breast cancer (BC), there is a need to develop novel therapeutic approaches for this malignancy. One such strategy is chemotherapy using non-toxic dietary...
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Fluvastatin inhibits advanced glycation end products-induced proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix accumulation in vascular smooth muscle cells by targeting connective tissue growth factor

Hwang AR, Nam JO, Kang YJ

Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a novel fibrotic mediator, which is considered to mediate fibrosis through extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis in diabetic cardiovascular complications. Statins have significant immunomodulatory effects...
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4-O-Methylhonokiol Protects HaCaT Cells from TGF-β1-Induced Cell Cycle Arrest by Regulating Canonical and Non-Canonical Pathways of TGF-β Signaling

Kim SC, Kang JI, Hyun JW, Kang JH, Koh YS, Kim YH, Kim KH, Ko JH, Yoo ES, Kang HK

4-O-methylhonokiol, a neolignan compound from Magnolia Officinalis, has been reported to have various biological activities including hair growth promoting effect. However, although transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signal pathway has an...
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Quercetin induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in triple-negative breast cancer cells through modulation of Foxo3a activity

Nguyen LT, Lee YH, Sharma AR, Park JB, Jagga S, Sharma G, Lee SS, Nam JS

Quercetin, a plant-derived flavonoid found in fruits, vegetables and tea, has been known to possess bioactive properties such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer. In this study, anti-cancer effect of quercetin...
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Sorbus rufopilosa Extract Exhibits Antioxidant and Anticancer Activities by Inducing Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in Human Colon Adenocarcinoma HT29 Cells

Oh YN, Jin S, Park HJ, Kwon HJ, Kim BW

BACKGROUND: Sorbus rufopilosa, a tsema rowan, is a species of the small ornamental trees in the genus Sorbus and the family Rosaceae found in East Asia. The bioactivities of S....
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Cellular Effects of Troglitazone on YD15 Tongue Carcinoma Cells

Ta Thi L, Yoo H

An FDA approved drug for the treatment of type II diabetes, Troglitazone (TRO), a peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor gamma agonist, is withdrawn due to severe idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity. In the search for...
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Anti-cancer Activity of Osmanthus matsumuranus Extract by Inducing G2/M Arrest and Apoptosis in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Hep G2 Cells

Jin S, Park HJ, Oh YN, Kwon HJ, Kim JH, Choi YH, Kim BW

BACKGROUND: Osmanthus matsumuranus, a species of Oleaceae, is found in East Asia and Southeast Asia. The bioactivities of O. matsumuranus have not yet been fully understood. Here, we studied on...
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Viriditoxin Induces G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis in A549 Human Lung Cancer Cells

Park JH, Noh TH, Wang H, Kim ND, Jung JH

Viriditoxin is a fungal metabolite isolated from Paecilomyces variotii, which was derived from the giant jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai. Viriditoxin was reported to inhibit polymerization of FtsZ, which is a key...
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