J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  2002 May;41(3):409-420.

Association Study between 5-HT2A Receptor and DRD3 Receptor Gene Polymorphism and Clinical Response to Atypical Antipsychotics in Patients with Schizophrenia

  • 1Asan Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Ulsan University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Ulsan University, Seoul, Korea.


This study was performed based on the hypothesis that the interindividual differences in clinical response to atypical antipsychotics might be associated with serotonin 2A receptor(5-HT2A) gene and(or) dopamine D3 receptor(DRD3) gene polymorphisms.
Seventy-five patients(39 men, 36 women) who met DSM-IV criteria for Schizophrenia at the Asan Medical Center were selected for the analysis of the medical records and subsequent interview. A written informed consent was obtained prior to the study and the privacy protection was kept throughout the course. Clinical Global Impression(CGI) Scale was applied after 4 weeks of treatment to assess the response to atypical antipsychotics. All patients in this study were administered olanzapine(n=39), risperidone(n=52) or clozapine(n=4). According to CGI scale, the patients were classified in 7 groups ; very much improvement ; much improvement ; minimal improvement ; no change ; minimal worsening ; much worsening ; very much worsening. The first and second groups were regarded as responders while the other groups were non-responders. Patients were genotyped for 5-HT2A by PCR(Msp I) for detection of T102 and C102 alleles. And they were also genotyped for DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism by PCR(Bal I). We conducted the statistical analyses to detect association between responders and non responders with chi-square tests.
The patients who were shown no or minimally improved patients were sorted to non-responders(n=42, men 24, women 18) and the other patients shown much or very much improved were grouped as responders(n=33, men 15, women 18). The differences in demographic variables(age, sex), age of onset, and duration of illness were not statistically significant between the two groups. T102 allele is more frequent in non-responders(56.0%) than responders(45.5%), however, this difference is not statistically significant(p=0.20). Gly9 allele is near equal between non-responders and responders (65.5%, 65.2%). Genotype frequencies of the two groups also is not a statistically significant for 5-HT2A T102C(p=0.28) and DRD3 Ser9Gly(p=0.90).
These results do not show significant associations among 5-HT2A gene, DRD3 gene and clinical response to atypical antipsychotics. On the assumption that responses to atypical antipsychotics are mediated by these two receptors, we can draw two possibilities. First, 5-HT2A and DRD3 genes may not be the functional variants related with responses to atypical antipsychotics. Second possibility is that the unknown variations which might be in linkage disequilibrium with the 5-HT2A T102C polymorphism and DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism may be associated with the response to atypical antipsychotics in schizophrenia. However, it is possible that the small number of subjects and ethnic difference of allele frequency of marker polymorphism could induce false negative results.


Serotonin receptor gene; T102C polymorphism; Dopamine D3 receptor gene; Ser9Gly polymorphism; Atypical antipsychotics

MeSH Terms

Age of Onset
Antipsychotic Agents*
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Gene Frequency
Informed Consent
Linkage Disequilibrium
Medical Records
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A*
Antipsychotic Agents
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A
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