J Korean Geriatr Soc.  1998 Dec;2(2):46-57.

Age Changes and Sex Differences in Serum Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate (DHEAS) Concentrations & its related factors throughout Adulthood

Abstract

BACKGROUND
: DHEAS, the major circulating adrenal hormone, has been suggested to have a role in many aging related diseases and perhaps in aging itself. But, there is no epidemiologic data of DHEAS in normal adults in Korea. We studied age changes and sex differences in serum DHEAS & its related factors throughout adulthood.
METHODS
: We administ structured questionnaires to the study subjects. We measured serum DHEAS levels and several biochemical markers (total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, glucose etc) in 1.710 healthy men(857) and women (853), aged 17-76 years. We also measured their height, weight, waist & hip circumference and body fat contents with bioimpedance method. We analyzed various variables relating to serum DHEAS levels by using SPSS. Reference data of serum DHEAS level in normal adults were also suggested.
RESULTS
: The DHEAS concentration peaked at age group blow age of 30 years in man(260.9 microgram/dL). Then mean values declined steadily in both sexes (r=-0.38, p<0.001 in men and r=-0.46, p<0.001 in women). At age group above 70 years, only 30.9% in men & 30.4% in women, when compared with age group below 30 years, was remained. DHEAS concentration were significantly higher in men than women at all age group except age group above 70 years. Average 1.5 times higher concentration in men than in women (at least 1.28 times at age<30 and max 2.00 times at age 60-64). In men, DHEAS had higher mean value in smokers (218.1 vs 199.1 microgram/dL, p<0.05), drinkers (>or=2 times/week, 219.1 vs 185.3 microgram/dL, p<0.01), android type fat distribution group (waist/hip>0.85, 227.1 vs 197.4 microgram/dL) after adjusting age. DHEAS was positively correlated with body mass index (r=0.12, p<0.01). But in women, drinkers (154.3 vs 131.7 microgram/dL, p<0.05) and regular exercise group (146.1 vs 131.6 microgram/dL, p=0.05) had higher mean DHEAS value. There were no significant association between DHEAS and lipid profile (total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol) & fasting glucose level in both sex.
CONCLUSION
: Our data suggest that DHEAS levels may influenced by several sociodemographic factors (e.g. smoking, alcohol, exercise etc) and body mass index. DHEAS level was inversely correlated by age in both sex and men had 1.5 times higher DHEAS values than women. We could not find any association between DHEAS level and lipid profile & fasting blood sugar.

Keyword

DHEAS; Sex; Age; BMI; Waist-Hip ratio; Lipid; Glucose

MeSH Terms

Adipose Tissue
Adult
Aging
Biomarkers
Blood Glucose
Body Mass Index
Cholesterol
Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate*
Dehydroepiandrosterone*
Fasting
Female
Glucose
Hip
Humans
Korea
Male
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sex Characteristics*
Smoke
Smoking
Triglycerides
Waist-Hip Ratio
Blood Glucose
Cholesterol
Dehydroepiandrosterone
Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate
Glucose
Smoke
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