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Sex estimation using radius in a Thai population

Jongmuenwai W, Boonpim M, Monum T, Sintubua A, Prasitwattanaseree S, Mahakkanukrauh P

The estimation of sex is an essential component of forensic osteological analyses, and the potential of an incomplete radius for sex determination of human remains is investigated. The present study...
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Longitudinal Change in Myocardial Function and Clinical Parameters in Middle-Aged Subjects: A 3-Year Follow-up Study

Cho DH, Joo HJ, Kim MN, Kim HD, Lim DS, Park SM

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is closely associated with the aging process. However, changes in metabolic conditions and cardiac function that occur in middle aged population remain unclear. We evaluated longitudinal...
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Comparative Observation of Body Mass Index among Adults in Korea and Japan

Lee MJ, Chae YH, Lee WC, Kwon YH

Background: Obesity is a major public health problem that is causally related to serious medical conditions. In this study, the public health implications of obesity based on body mass index (BMI)...
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Roles of Sex Hormones and Gender in the Gut Microbiota

Yoon K, Kim N

  • KMID: 2517525
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2021 Jul;27(3):314-325.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm20208
The distribution of gut microbiota varies according to age (childhood, puberty, pregnancy, menopause, and old age) and sex. Gut microbiota are known to contribute to gastrointestinal (GI) diseases such as...
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Unruptured Paraclinoid Carotid Aneurysms Occur More Frequently in Younger Ages

Kawaguchi R, Miyachi S, Ohshima T, Matsuo N

Purpose: We investigated the age distribution of cerebral saccular aneurysms in various locations to clarify the differences by location and discuss the mechanism of formation. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively assessed...
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A Nationwide Cohort Study Shows a Sex-Dependent Change in the Trend of Peptic Ulcer Bleeding Incidence in Korea between 2006 and 2015

Kim YS, Lee J, Shin A, Lee JM, Park JH, Jung HY

Background/Aims: The incidence of peptic ulcer disease has decreased in past decades; however, the trends in peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) are inconsistent among regions. This study aimed to investigate the...
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Patients with disorders of sex development

Markosyan R

Disorders of sex development (DSDs) are a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of congenital conditions of the urogenital tract and reproductive system. Time and spatially controlled transcription factors, signal molecules,...
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The Role of Sex-specific Long Non-coding RNAs in Cancer Prevention and Therapy

Song HK, Kim SY

The functions of a large number of non-coding genes in human DNA have yet to be accurately identified. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) measuring 10 kb or less in length regulates...
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The Comparison of Prevalence and Patterns of Sexual Dysfunction between Patients with Schizophrenia and Healthy Controls

Yoon JH, Back DU, Jae YM, Jang SH, Lee KH, Choi JH

  • KMID: 2517219
  • J Korean Soc Biol Ther Psychiatry.
  • 2021 Jun;27(2):112-123.
Objectives:Sexual dysfunction is common in both untreated and treated patients with schizophrenia and known as affecting the quality of life and drug compliance. The primary objective of this study is...
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Clinical Characteristics of Sex Offenders with Pedophilia

Moon JY, Lim KO, Cho S, Jang S, Cha SM, Han S

Objectives This study compared the demographic and clinical characteristics, including blood testosterone level and intellectual capacity, between pedophilia and other types of paraphilia. Methods The medical records of 115 subjects with...
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How Should We Do Different Approach to Treat Inflammatory Bowel Disease by Gender Difference?

Kim SE

Although not as prominent, there are gender/sex differences in incidence/prevalence, clinical manifestation and disease course, comorbidities, therapeutic response, and patients coping strategy to the disease of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)....
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Relationships between Smartphone Addiction and Smartphone Usage Types, Depression, ADHD, Stress, Interpersonal Problems, and Parenting Attitude with Middle School Students

Hong YP, Yeom YO, Lim MH

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between smartphone addiction of middle school students and smartphone usage types, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), stress, interpersonal...
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Male Sex Is a Significant Predictor of All-cause Mortality in Patients with Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodyassociated Vasculitis

Kwon HC, Pyo JY, Lee LE, Ahn SS, Song JJ, Park YB, Lee SW

Background: We investigated and compared the initial clinical features at diagnosis and the poor outcomes during follow-up in Korean patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) based on sex. Methods:...
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Sex-based differences in factors associated with bronchial hyperresponsiveness in adolescents with childhood asthma

Kim YH, Jang YY, Jeong J, Chung HL

Background: Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), an important physiological feature of asthma, is a prognostic marker of childhood asthma. Purpose: We aimed to investigate the factors associated with BHR in adolescents with childhood...
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Sex differences in the relationship between depression and cardiovascular disease risk: a nationwide study in Korea

Kim Sb, Jeong IS

Objectives: This study aimed to identify sex differences in the association between depression and the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods: A secondary analysis was conducted of data from the...
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Sex differences in weight perception and weight gain among Black college students in the USA

Lee J, Sa J, Chaput JP, Heimdal J, Nelson B, Cho BY, Kwon E

Objectives: The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of overweight/obesity and to explore sex differences in body weight perceptions and correlates of weight gain among Black students...
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The difference in the location of the malar summit between genders in Southeast Asians with appropriate references

Jirawatnotai S, Sriswadpong P

Background: Facial feminization surgery and malarplasty require information concerning facial features in the malar area. Such information varies as a function of sex and race. The objectives of this study...
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Gender-Dependent Reference Range of Serum Calcitonin Levels in Healthy Korean Adults

Song E, Jeon MJ, Yoo HJ, Bae SJ, Kim TY, Kim WB, Shong YK, Kim HK, Kim WG

Background: Serum calcitonin measurement contains various clinical and methodological aspects. Its reference level is wide and unclear despite sensitive calcitonin kits are available. This study aimed to identify the specific...
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Smoking History and Clinical Features of Cluster Headache: Results from the Korean Cluster Headache Registry

Chung PW, Kim BS, Park JW, Sohn JH, Lee MJ, Kim BK, Chu MK, Ahn JY, Choi YJ, Song TJ, Bae DW, Kim D, Kim JM, Kim SK, Park KY, Chung JM, Moon HS, Oh K, Chung CS, Cho SJ

Background and Purpose Epidemiologic data suggest that cluster headache (CH) is significantly associated with cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to determine differences in features between patients with...
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How to Study the Sex and Gender Effect in Biomedical Research?

Lee MY, Kim EJ, Shin A, Kim YS

Men and women are different, but this difference has not been well reflected in clinical trials and preclinical studies of biomedical science. Gender medicine, which systematically analyzes research results according...
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