Int J Oral Biol.  2013 Sep;38(3):111-119.

Effects of CoCl2 on Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Affiliations
  • 1Dental Science Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Korea. greatone@chonnam.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
To investigate the effects of the hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) activation-mimicking agent cobalt chloride (CoCl2) on the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms. STUDY DESIGN: The dose and exposure periods for CoCl2 in hMSCs were optimized by cell viability assays. After confirmation of CoCl2-induced HIF-1alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor expression in these cells by RT-PCR, the effects of temporary preconditioning with CoCl2 on hMSC osteogenic differentiation were evaluated by RT-PCR analysis of osteogenic gene expression, an alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay and by alizarin red S staining.
RESULTS
Variable CoCl2 dosages (up to 500 microM) and exposure times (up to 7 days) on hMSC had little effect on hMSC survival. After CoCl2 treatment of hMSCs at 100 microM for 24 or 48 hours, followed by culture in osteogenic differentiating media, several osteogenic markers such as Runx-2, osteocalcin and osteopontin, bone sialoprotein mRNA expression level were found to be up-regulated. Moreover, ALP activity was increased in these treated cells in which an accelerated osteogenic capacity was also verified by alizarin red S staining.
CONCLUSIONS
The osteogenic differentiation potential of hMSCs could be preserved and even enhanced by CoCl2 treatment.

Keyword

MSC; osteogenic differentiation; hypoxia

MeSH Terms

Alkaline Phosphatase
Anoxia
Anthraquinones
Cell Survival
Cobalt
Durapatite
Gene Expression
Humans
Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Osteocalcin
Osteopontin
RNA, Messenger
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Alkaline Phosphatase
Anthraquinones
Cobalt
Durapatite
Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein
Osteocalcin
Osteopontin
RNA, Messenger
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
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