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Rapid Healing and Remodeling Process of Pediatric Seat-Belt Fracture without Surgical Treatment

Park MS, Kang SH, Cho YJ, Yang JS

Pediatric seat-belt fracture is a rare condition, and its management has not been well defined. The authors report a case of pediatric Chance fracture that was managed conservatively and that...
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Investigation of Symptomatic Unstable Changes of Non-Fused Component in the Mixed-Type Cervical Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament Using Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Case Report

Choo YH, Kim SW, Jeon I

A 43-year-old man was transferred to our hospital with recurring myelopathic symptoms after previous anterior and posterior surgical decompressions for mixed-type cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). Conventional...
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A Case of Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Infarction after Cervical Chiropractic Manipulation

Jeong DK, Hwang SK

We describe the case of a patient who had infarction of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) after a chiropractic cervical manipulation. A 39-year-old man visited the emergency room with...
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Tracheal Infection Resulting from High Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure in an Unconscious Patient with Brain Trauma

Lee JM, Park IS, Lee CH, Lee KH, Chun DH, Kim JY, Lee YS

Deep neck infections (DNIs) are mainly caused by dental caries, tonsillitis, and pharyngitis; however, DNIs can also occur after head and neck trauma. A 79-year-old male patient underwent a craniectomy...
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Endovascular Treatment Following Gauze Packing for the Control of Massive Bleeding from Traumatic Transverse Sinus Lesion

Kim JH, Yu SH, Kim BC, Lee JH, Lee JI, Choi HJ

Posterior fossa epidural hematoma (EDH) is uncommon, but the related clinical deterioration can occur suddenly. Accompanying venous sinus injury and lacerations are associated with 40% to 80% mortality. The authors...
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Postpartum Superior Sagittal Sinus Thrombosis: A Case Report

Han KH, Won YD, Na MK, Han MH, Ryu JI, Kim JM, Kim CH, Cheong JH

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare disease. Early diagnosis and treatment are important, as CVST is potentially fatal. Pregnancy and puerperium are known risk factors for CVST. Here,...
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Burr Hole Drainage with Urokinase Irrigation for the Treatment of Acute Subdural Hematoma: A Case Report

Cho SW, Choi SW, Lim J, Kwon HJ, Kim SH, Koh HS, Youm JY, Song SH

We describe the case of a patient with an acute subdural hematoma (SDH) that was removed using urokinase irrigation after burr hole trephination in a limited situation where craniotomy was...
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Rapid Redistribution of an Acute Traumatic Epidural Hematoma in a Patient with Invasive Skull Cancer

Lee H, Hwang SC, Lee AL, Kim CG, Im SB

The rapid spontaneous resolution of an acute epidural hematoma (EDH) has rarely been reported. A possible mechanism of spontaneous resolution is egress of the hematoma into the subgaleal space through...
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Craniotomy and Membranectomy for Treatment of Organized Chronic Subdural Hematoma

Baek HG, Park SH

We report the case of a patient with organized chronic subdural hematoma (OCSH) that was treated with craniotomy. A 72-year-old man was admitted with a complaint of a drowsy mental...
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Delayed Trochlear Nerve Palsy Following Traumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Usefulness of High-Resolution Three Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Unusual Course of the Nerve

Ko YS, Yang HJ, Son YJ, Park SB, Lee SH, Chung YS

Cranial nerve palsies are relatively common after trauma, but trochlear nerve palsy is relatively uncommon. Although traumatic trochlear nerve palsy is easy to diagnose clinically because of extraocular movement disturbances,...
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Outcomes of Anterior Cervical Fusion Using Polyetheretherketone Cage with Demineralized Bone Matrix and Plate for Management of Subaxial Cervical Spine Injuries

Han MS, Lee GJ, Kim JH, Lee SK, Moon BJ, Lee JK

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the usefulness of a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage filled with demineralized bone matrix (DBM) and plate fixation in anterior interbody fusions for subaxial cervical spine injuries. METHODS: A retrospective...
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Risk Factors for Hinge Fracture Associated with Surgery Following Cervical Open-Door Laminoplasty

Lee JH, Chough CK

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors for hinge fracture (HF) and non-union during cervical open-door laminoplasty (CODL). METHODS: We included 25 patients who underwent CODL...
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Risk Factors of Delayed Intracranial Hemorrhage Following Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt

Jang SY, Kim CH, Cheong JH, Kim JM

OBJECTIVE: Placement of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is a common neurosurgical procedure for cerebrospinal fluid diversion. A rare complication is delayed intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) secondary to VP shunting, and only...
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Initial Dead Space and Multiplicity of Bone Flap as Strong Risk Factors for Bone Flap Resorption after Cranioplasty for Traumatic Brain Injury

Joo JK, Choi JI, Kim CH, Lee HK, Moon JG, Cho TG

OBJECTIVE: Bone flap resorption (BFR) is a complication of cranioplasty (CP) that increases the risk of brain damage and can cause cosmetic defects. In this study, the risk factors for...
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Relationship between Clinical Outcomes and Superior Sagittal Sinus to Bone Flap Distance during Unilateral Decompressive Craniectomy in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: Experience at a Single Trauma Center

Shim HK, Yu SH, Kim BC, Lee JH, Choi HJ

OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) to bone flap distance and clinical outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
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The Risk Factors of Subdural Hygroma after Decompressive Craniectomy

Kim BO, Kim JY, Whang K, Cho SM, Oh JW, Koo YM, Hu C, Pyen JS, Choi JW

OBJECTIVE: Subdural effusion, also known as subdural hygroma (SDG), is a secondary complication that can occur after decompressive craniectomy (DC). However, the pathogenesis of SDG is not fully understood. It...
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Clinical Feature and Outcomes of Secondary Hydrocephalus Caused by Head Trauma

Yoon JE, Lee CY, Sin EG, Song J, Kim HW

OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) is a frequent and serious complication following brain injury. The incidence of PTH varies greatly among studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the...
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Neurodevelopmental Prognostic Factors in 73 Neonates with the Birth Head Injury

Kim KM, Cho SM, Yoon SH, Lim YC, Park MS, Kim MR

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to reinterpret the neurodevelopmental prognostic factors that are associated with birth head injury by performing a long-term follow-up. METHODS: Seventy-three neonates with head injuries...
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Expanding Subdural Hematomas in the Subacute Stage and Treatment via Catheter Drainage

Ha JH, Park JH, Jeong JH, Im SB, Hwang SC

OBJECTIVE: Rapid expansion of subacute subdural hematomas (saSDHs) is an uncommon complication in the course of acute subdural hematomas (SDHs). The current study evaluated relevant factors and treatment methods for...
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Complications Following Burr Hole Craniostomy and Closed-System Drainage for Subdural Lesions

Lee HS, Song SW, Chun YI, Choe WJ, Cho J, Moon CT, Koh YC

OBJECTIVE: Burr hole craniostomy and closed-system drainage (BCD) is a common surgical procedure in the field of neurosurgery. However, complications following BCD have seldom been reported. The purpose of this...
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