Exp Mol Med.  2005 Apr;37(2):138-145.

HCV core protein promotes liver fibrogenesis via up-regulation of CTGF with TGF-beta1

Affiliations
  • 1WHO Collaborating Center of Viral Hepatitis, Korea. yoonsk@catholic.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Division of Molecular and Life Science, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, Korea.
  • 4Department of Biochemistry, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Liver cirrhosis is one of the major complications of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, but the mechanisms underlying HCV-related fibrogenesis are still not clear. Although the roles of HCV core protein remain poorly understood, it is supposed to play an important role in the regulation of cellular growth and hepatocarcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to examine the role of HCV core protein on the hepatic fibrogenesis. We established an in vitro co-culture system with primary hepatic stellate cell (HSC) isolated from rats, and a stable HepG2-HCV core cell line which had been transfected with HCV core gene. The expressions of fibrosis-related molecules transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), transforming growth factor b receptor II (TGF beta RII), alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) were analyzed via histological or molecular methods. In addition, the expression levels of matrix metaloprotinase-2 (MMP-2) and collagen type I (Col I) from the co-cultured media were measured by zymogram and ELISA, respectively. The expressions of alpha-SMA, TGF-beta1, Col I, TGF beta RII and MMP-2 were significantly increased in the co-culture of stable HepG2-HCV core with HSC. Moreover, the significant increases of CTGF and TGF-beta1 in the HCV core-expressing cells were observed by either Northern or Western blot analysis. These results suggest that HCV core protein may contribute to the hepatic fibrogenesis via up-regulation of CTGF and TGF-beta1.

Keyword

connective tissue growth factor; fibrogenesis; hepatitis C virus; liver cirrhosis; stellate cell
Full Text Links
  • EMM
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2021 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr