J Korean Diabetes.  2019 Jun;20(2):106-111. 10.4093/jkd.2019.20.2.106.

Intake of Fruits for Diabetics: Why and How Much?

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nutrition Services, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea. amuse75@hanmail.net

Abstract

Fruits are universally promoted as healthy. Fruits supply dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals that function as antioxidants. But many people often have concerns that fruit intake has a negative impact on glycemic control in patients with diabetes. The results of a related study showed fruit intake may have no overall effect on fasting glucose and HbA1c. Also increased fresh fruit intake in ranges commonly consumed was associated with reduced risks of death and development of major vascular complications in diabetic patients. Korean Diabetes Association and American Diabetes Association recommend carbohydrate intake from whole grains, vegetables, fruits, legumes, and dairy products. Fruit intake for diabetics should be included as part of a balanced diet and individual meal composition within the range of two exchanges (100~300 g).

Keyword

Blood glucose; Diabetes complication; Diabetes mellitus; Fruit

MeSH Terms

Antioxidants
Blood Glucose
Dairy Products
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Diet
Dietary Fiber
Fabaceae
Fasting
Fruit*
Glucose
Humans
Meals
Minerals
Miners
Phytochemicals
Vegetables
Vitamins
Whole Grains
Antioxidants
Blood Glucose
Glucose
Minerals
Vitamins
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