J Korean Diet Assoc.  2017 Aug;23(3):316-327. 10.14373/JKDA.2017.23.3.316.

Nutrients Intake and Health Status by Fruits and Vegetables Intake in Adolescents Based on the 2013∼2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University, Changwon 51140, Korea. khl@changwon.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Changshin University, Changwon 51352, Korea.

Abstract

This study was conducted to compare the nutrient intake, physical characteristics, and health status according to daily fruits and vegetables intake of adolescents using the Korean national health and nutrition examination survey for the sixth period (2013∼2015). Subjects were 1,096 adolescents aged 13∼18 years. The average daily intake of fruits and vegetables was 518.49±4.94 g. The two groups (insufficient, sufficient) were divided by fruits and vegetables intake (<500 g/day, ≥500 g/day) and the ratio of the insufficient group was 75.9% while that of the adequate group was 24.1%. The mean of intake of energy, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron, thiamin, niacin, vitamin C and dietary fiber differed significantly between the insufficient and sufficient groups (P<0.01, P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference in physical characteristics between groups. The self-perceived health status was better in the sufficient group (P<0.05), while the insufficient group was aware of more stress in their daily life (P<0.05). The serum triglyceride was significantly higher in the sufficient group (P<0.05), while the total cholesterol was lower (P<0.05). As the characteristics of fruits and vegetables are different, it will be necessary to determine standards for consumption of each type. It is also necessary to consider whether a fruits and vegetables intake of 500 g would be a reasonable standard for adolescents. Nevertheless, the results of this study indicate efforts to increase fruits and vegetables intake by young people are necessary.

Keyword

adolescent; fruits and vegetables intake; nutrient intake; physical characteristics; self-perceived health status

MeSH Terms

Adolescent*
Ascorbic Acid
Calcium
Cholesterol
Dietary Fiber
Fruit*
Humans
Iron
Niacin
Nutrition Surveys*
Phosphorus
Potassium
Sodium
Triglycerides
Vegetables*
Ascorbic Acid
Calcium
Cholesterol
Iron
Niacin
Phosphorus
Potassium
Sodium
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