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Inhibition of melanogenesis by sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate

Kim JH, Oh CT, Kwon TR, Kim JH, Bak DH, Kim H, Park WS, Kim BJ

Sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (mesna) is a protective agent that is widely used in medicine because of its antioxidant effects. Recently, reactive oxygen species (ROS) were shown to increase pigmentation. Thus, ROS...
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Fluoxetine Induces Apoptotic and Oxidative Neuronal Death Associated with The Influx of Copper Ions in Cultured Neuronal Cells

Hwang S, Kim JK

We examined the effect of fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, on neuronal viability in mouse cortical near-pure neuronal cultures. Addition of fluoxetine to the media for 24 hours...
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Improvement in histology, enzymatic activity, and redox state of the liver following administration of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil in rats with established hepatotoxicity

Niknezhad , Sayad-Fathi S, Karimzadeh A, Ghorbani-Anarkooli M, Yousefbeyk F, Nasiri E

Formaldehyde (FA) is an environmentally-available pollutant. Since the liver acts as a detoxifier in the human body, it is the first and most affected organ in individuals exposed to higher-than-normal...
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The impact of two doses of coenzyme Q10 on semen parameters and antioxidant status in men with idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia

Alahmar AT

OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress contributes to male infertility, and antioxidants have been recommended for treating idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT). There is, however, a lack of agreement on the type, dosing, and use...
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Male Oxidative Stress Infertility (MOSI): Proposed Terminology and Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Idiopathic Male Infertility

Agarwal A, Parekh N, Panner Selvam MK, Henkel R, Shah R, Homa ST, Ramasamy R, Ko E, Tremellen , Esteves S, Majzoub A, Alvarez JG, Gardner DK, Jayasena C, Ramsay JW, Cho CL, Saleh R, Sakkas D, Hotaling J, Lundy SD, Vij S, Marmar J, Gosalvez J, Sabanegh E, Park HJ, Zini A, Kavoussi P, Micic S, Smith R, Busetto GM, Bakırcıoğlu ME, Haidl G, Balercia G, Puchalt NG, Ben-Khalifa M, Tadros N, Kirkman-Browne J, Moskovtsev S, Huang X, Borges E, Franken D, Bar-Chama , Morimoto Y, Tomita K, Srini VS, Ombelet W, Baldi E, Muratori M, Yumura Y, La Vignera S, Kosgi R, Martinez M, Evenson DP, Zylbersztejn DS, Roque M, Cocuzza M, Vieira M, Ben-Meir A, Orvieto R, Levitas E, Wiser A, Arafa M, Malhotra V, Parekattil SJ, Elbardisi , Carvalho L, Dada R, Sifer C, Talwar P, Gudeloglu , Mahmoud AM, Terras K, Yazbeck C, Nebojsa B, Durairajanayagam D, Mounir A, Kahn LG, Baskaran S, Pai RD, Paoli D, Leisegang , Moein MR, Malik S, Yaman O, Samanta L, Bayane F, Jindal SK, Kendirci M, Altay B, Perovic D, Harlev A

Despite advances in the field of male reproductive health, idiopathic male infertility, in which a man has altered semen characteristics without an identifiable cause and there is no female factor...
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Riluzole Selective Antioxidant Effects in Cell Models Expressing Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Endophenotypes

Sala G, Arosio A, Conti E, Beretta S, Lunetta C, Riva N, Ferrarese , Tremolizzo L

OBJECTIVE: Until recently, riluzole was the only drug licensed for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In spite of its efficacy, the mechanism of action remains elusive, and both blocking of glutamate...
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Association between Serum Selenium Level and the Presence of Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

Kim J, Chung HS, Choi MK, Roh YK, Yoo HJ, Park JH, Kim DS, Yu JM, Moon S

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between selenium (Se) and diabetes mellitus (DM). However, different studies have reported conflicting results. Therefore, we performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to clarify the...
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Carpinus turczaninowii extract modulates arterial inflammatory response: a potential therapeutic use for atherosclerosis

Son YK, Yoon SR, Bang WY, Bae CH, Yeo JH, Yeo R, An J, Song J, Kim OY

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vascular inflammation is an important feature in the atherosclerotic process. Recent studies report that leaves and branches of Carpinus turczaninowii (C. turczaninowii) have antioxidant capacity and exert anti-inflammatory effects....
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Purpurogallin Protects Keratinocytes from Damage and Apoptosis Induced by Ultraviolet B Radiation and Particulate Matter 2.5

Zhen AX, Piao MJ, Hyun YJ, Kang KA, Ryu YS, Cho SJ, Kang HK, Koh YS, Ahn MJ, Kim TH, Hyun JW

Purpurogallin, a natural phenol obtained from oak nutgalls, has been shown to possess antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, in addition to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation that induces cell apoptosis...
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4′-O-β-D-Glucosyl-5-O-Methylvisamminol Attenuates Pro-Inflammatory Responses and Protects against Oxidative Damages

Yoo OK, Keum YS

We attempted to examine anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects of 4′-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol (GOMV), the first epigenetic inhibitor of histone phosphorylation at Ser10. While GOMV did not affect the viability of murine macrophage...
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Dietary Antioxidant Intake in Relation to Semen Quality Parameters in Infertile Men: a Cross-Sectional Study

Rahimlou M, Sohaei S, Nasr-Esfahani M, Nouri M

The objective of this study was to assess the association between dietary antioxidant intake and semen quality parameters in infertile men. In this cross-sectional study, dietary antioxidant intake was evaluated...
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Dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis as a novel indicator of oxidative stress in patients with urolithiasis

Sonmez MG, Kozanhan B, Deniz CD, Iyisoy MS, Kilinc MT, Ecer G, Ozturk A, Neselioglu S, Erel O

PURPOSE: A dynamic thiol/disulfide balance is pivotal in organizing anti-oxidant defense, detoxification, apoptosis, and enzyme activities, as well as transcription and cellular signal-transfer mechanisms. The connection between urolithiasis and oxidant/antioxidant...
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Intake of Fruits for Diabetics: Why and How Much?

Lee EY

Fruits are universally promoted as healthy. Fruits supply dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals that function as antioxidants. But many people often have concerns that fruit intake has a negative...
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Anti-oxidant and anti-adipocyte differentiation of Aster glehni and Aster yomena

Lee JY, Park JY, Kim HD, Lee SE, Lee JH, Lee Y, Seo KH

PURPOSE: Aster glehnii (AG) and Aster yomena (AY) are medicinal plants that belong to the family Compositea and grow widely in Korea. Plants in the genus Aster have been used...
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Effects of heme oxygenase-1 upregulation on isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction

Eltobshy S, Hussein AM, Elmileegy , Askar MH, Khater Y, Metias EF, Helal GM

The present study was designed to examine the effect of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction by cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) on the cardiac functions and morphology, electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, myocardial antioxidants (superoxide...
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Predictive Factors for Efficacy of AST-120 Treatment in Diabetic Nephropathy: a Prospective Single-Arm, Open-Label, Multi-Center Study

Hwang YC, Kim SW, Hur KY, Cha BS, Kim IJ, Park TS, Baik SH, Yoon KH, Lee KW, Lee IK, Lee MK

BACKGROUND: Removal of uremic toxins such as indoxyl sulfate by AST-120 is known to improve renal function and delay the initiation of dialysis in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease....
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Antioxidant effects of kimchi supplemented with black raspberry during fermentation protect against liver cirrhosis-induced oxidative stress in rats

Ryu EH, Yang JS, Lee MJ, Kim SH, Seo HY, Jung JH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress is a major effector of various diseases; accordingly, antioxidants are frequently ingested in order to prevent or alleviate disease symptoms. Kimchi contains various natural antioxidants, and it...
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Epicatechin Prevents Methamphetamine-Induced Neuronal Cell Death via Inhibition of ER Stress

Kang Y, Lee JH, Seo YH, Jang JH, Jeong CH, Lee S, Jeong GS, Park B

Methamphetamine (METH) acts strongly on the nervous system and damages neurons and is known to cause neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Flavonoids, polyphenolic compounds present in green tea,...
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Clinical Outcomes of Antiplatelets Combined with Statins in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease

Kim C, Lee J, Park RW, Lee S

BACKGROUND: Patients with cardiovascular risks are recommended to use statins and antiplatelet agents to prevent major cerebrocardiovascular events (MACCE). Antiplatelet agents also possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, in addition to...
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Protective effects of D-005, a lipid extract from Acrocomia crispa fruits, against ischemia/reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury in rats

Oyarzábal-Yera A, Rodríguez-Salgueiro S, Merino-García N, Ocaña-Nápoles L, González-Núñez L, Mena-Valdés L, Zamora-Rodríguez Z, Medina-Pírez JA, Jiménez-Despaigne S, Molina-Cuevas V

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by renal ischemia/reperfusion (IR) is associated with enhanced production of reactive oxygen species in renal tissues. D-005, a lipid extract obtained from Acrocomia crispa...
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