Sleep Med Psychophysiol.  2011 Jun;18(1):17-22.

Narcolepsy in Children

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. sws3901@yu.ac.kr

Abstract

Childhood narcolepsy is one of the underdiagnosed diseases even the first symptoms often appear in childhood. Making diagnosis through history taking is not always easy because the symptoms of childhood narcolepsy are different from those of adulthood. Diagnostic laboratory tests such as sleep studies, tests for human leukocyte antigens, cerebrospinal fluid hypocretin measurement should be considered when the child has excessive daytime sleepiness without cataplexy. Treatment approach should be start as early as possible to avoid secondary academic, emotional difficulties. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological management, and close cooperation between parents and school teachers should be maintained. In the near future, childhood narcolepsy can be a key to understand the pathogenesis of narcolepsy.

Keyword

Narcolepsy; Cataplexy; Children; Toddler
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