Nutr Res Pract.  2007 Jun;1(2):113-119.

Zinc deficiency negatively affects alkaline phosphatase and the concentration of Ca, Mg and P in rats

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Andong National University, Andong, Gyeongpook 760-749, Korea. iskwun@andong.ac.kr
  • 2Central Laboratory Division for Instrumental Analysis, Kyungbook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea.
  • 3School of Dentistry, Kyungbook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea.
  • 4Cellular Integrity Division, Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Zn is an essential nutrient that is required in humans and animals for many physiological functions, including immune and antioxidant function, growth, and reproduction. The present study evaluated whether Zn deficiency would negatively affect bone-related enzyme, ALP, and other bone-related minerals (Ca, P and Mg) in rats. Thirty Sprague Dawley rats were assigned to one of the three different Zn dietary groups, such as Zn adequate (ZA, 35 mg/kg), pair fed (PF, 35 mg/kg), Zn deficient (ZD, 1 mg/kg) diet, and fed for 10 weeks. Food intake and body weight were measured daily and weekly, respectively. ALP was measured by spectrophotometry and mineral contents were measured by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrophotometer (ICP-MS). Zn deficient rats showed decreased food intake and body weight compared with Zn adequate rats (p<0.05). Zn deficiency reduced ALP activity in blood (RBC, plasma) and the tissues (liver, kidney and small intestine) (p<0.05). Also, Zn deficiency reduced mineral concentrations in rat tissues (Ca for muscle and liver, and Mg for muscle and liver) (p<0.05). The study results imply the requirement of proper Zn nurture for maintaining bone growth and formation.

Keyword

Zinc; alkaline phosphatase; bone-related minerals (Ca, P, Mg); rats

MeSH Terms

Alkaline Phosphatase*
Animals
Body Weight
Bone Development
Diet
Eating
Humans
Kidney
Liver
Minerals
Rats*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Reproduction
Spectrophotometry
Zinc*
Alkaline Phosphatase
Minerals
Zinc
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