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The effects of body mass index and body shape perceptions of South Korean adults on weight control behaviors; Correlation with quality of sleep and residence of place

Kang NE, Kim SJ, Oh YS, Jang SE

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The obese population is rapidly increasing because of reduced physical activity and a Westernized diet; consequently, various chronic diseases are more prevalent. With the increasing interest in body shape...
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Nutrikinetic study of fermented soybean paste (Cheonggukjang) isoflavones according to the Sasang typology

Kim MJ, Lee DH, Ahn J, Jang YJ, Ha TY, Do E, Jung CH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In Oriental medicine, certain foods may be beneficial or detrimental based on an individual's constitution; however, the scientific basis for this theory is insufficient. The purpose of this study...
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Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise Training Reduces Circulating Apolipoprotein J Levels and Improves Insulin Resistance in Postmenopausal Diabetic Women

Jeon YK, Kim SS, Kim JH, Kim HJ, Kim HJ, Park JJ, Cho YS, Joung SH, Kim JR, Kim BH, Song SH, Kim IJ, Kim YK, Kim YB

BACKGROUND: Circulating apolipoprotein J (ApoJ) is closely associated with insulin resistance; however, the effect of exercise on circulating ApoJ levels and the association of ApoJ with metabolic indices remain unknown....
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Use of SGLT-2 Inhibitors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Abdominal Obesity: An Asian Perspective and Expert Recommendations

Sheu WH, Chan SP, Matawaran , Deerochanawong C, Mithal A, Chan J, Suastika K, Khoo CM, Nguyen HM, Linong J, Luk A, Yoon KH

The prevalence of obesity in Asia is of epidemic proportions, with an estimated 1 billion overweight/obese individuals in the region. The majority of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
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Establishment of NOAEL for intracavernous injections of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in rats

Kim JK, Jang MJ, Kim BH, Choi KR, Song G, Shin HC, Suh N, Kim YM, You D, Ahn TY, Kim CS

PURPOSE: To assess the possible negative health effects of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) on fertility and early embryonic development following intracavernous injections in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A...
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A comparison of 6 osteoporosis risk assessment tools among postmenopausal women in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Toh LS, Lai PS, Wu DB, Bell BG, Dang CP, Low BY, Wong KT, Guglielmi , Anderson C

OBJECTIVES: To compare and assess the performance of 6 osteoporosis risk assessment tools for screening osteoporosis in Malaysian postmenopausal women. METHODS: Six osteoporosis risk assessments tools (the Simple Calculated Osteoporosis Risk...
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Arterial stiffness in young women with Turner syndrome using cardio-ankle vascular index

Heo YJ, Jung HW, Lee YA, Shin CH, Yang SW

PURPOSE: Patients with Turner syndrome (TS) have increased risk of morbidities and mortality related to cardiovascular complications. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a novel method of evaluating arterial stiffness independent...
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Analysis of Major Factors Affecting False Positive Results in Neonatal Screening Test within 3 Days after Birth

Kim TK, Lee SH, Yu ST, Oh YK

OBJECTIVE: We examined the factors affecting the false positive results in the accidental neonatal screening test (NST) within 3 days after birth and tried to find out the most relevant...
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Effect of a Single Bout of Exercise on Autophagy Regulation in Skeletal Muscle of High-Fat High-Sucrose Diet-Fed Mice

Zhang D, Lee JH, Kwak SE, Shin HE, Zhang Y, Moon HY, Shin DM, Seong JK, Tang L, Song W

BACKGROUND: Autophagy maintains metabolic homeostasis of muscles, and its impairment may cause muscle dysfunction. Exercise can improve muscle dysfunction induced by long-term high-fat diet. This study aimed to explore the...
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The Role of Anti-Obesity Medication in Prevention of Diabetes and Its Complications

Oh TJ

Diabetes is prevalent in obese population, and obesity management is the first step in preventing diabetes. Traditionally, lifestyle modification including reduced-calorie diet, physical activity, and behavior intervention is the core...
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An Instrumented Workstation to Evaluate Weight-Bearing Distribution in the Sitting Posture

Moriguchi , Sato TO, Coury HJ

BACKGROUND: Sitting posture may be related to risk factors, including inadequate weight-bearing support, particularly when maintained for long periods. Considering that body weight is loaded in a closed support system...
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Effect of melatonin on the onset of puberty in male juvenile rats

Venugopal

Melatonin or N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine, the fascinating molecule secreted by the pineal gland. Melatonin has a close interaction with hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. In non-seasonal breeders like rat its exact role in reproduction is...
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Injectable Therapy for Diabetes Mellitus: Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonist

Lee I, Kang ES

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes guideline for treatment of diabetes, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) is recommended in...
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A Review of the Effects of Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists and Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors on Lean Body Mass in Humans

Sargeant J, Henson J, King JA, Yates T, Khunti K, Davies MJ

Weight loss is an important goal in the management of several chronic conditions, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, and pharmacological therapies that aid weight loss are appealing. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor...
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Changes in the Treatment Strategies for Helicobacter pylori Infection in Children and Adolescents in Korea

Jun JS, Seo JH, Park JS, Rhee KH, Youn HS

The policies developed for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in adults may not be the most suitable ones to treat children and adolescents. Methods used to treat children and...
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Relative Age Effects in Korean Football: Analysis of Age-Specific International Teams

Jeong TS, Bang SY, Park S, Lee YS, Kim YR, Kim YS

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify relative age effects of South Korea national male football teams that participated in 38 international competitions in age-specific categories from 2000 to 2018; U-16...
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Postthyroidectomy obesity in a Korean population: does the extent of surgery matter?

Park MY, Nam SE, Park KS, Saindane M, Yoo YB, Yang JH, Ahn AL, Choi JK, Park WS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of postthyroidectomy obesity, and the relationship between the extent of thyroidectomy and obesity. METHODS: A survey conducted at an outpatient...
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Effect of Ambrisentan Therapy on the Expression of Endothelin Receptor, Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase and NADPH Oxidase 4 in Monocrotaline-induced Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Rat Model

Lee H, Yeom A, Kim KC, Hong YM

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Elevated endothelin (ET)-1 level is strongly correlated with the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Expression level of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX) 4 is increased...
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Correlation between synthesis of α2-macroglobulin as acute phase protein and degree of hepatopathy in rats

Ito R, Kuribayashi T

The degree of hepatopathy affecting the synthesis of α2-macroglobulin (α2M) as an acute phase protein in rats was investigated. Hepatopathy was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by intravenous administration of galactosamine...
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The effects of coenzyme Q₁₀ supplement on blood lipid indices and hepatic antioxidant defense system in SD rats fed a high cholesterol diet

Kim HN, Jeon DG, Lim Y, Jang IS

A total of 24 SD rats were allotted to four treatment groups such as the control (CON), 1% of cholesterol diet (CHO), 0.5% of coenzyme Q₁₀ (COQ) and 1% of...
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