Korean J Hematol.  2009 Dec;44(4):289-293. 10.5045/kjh.2009.44.4.289.

Successful Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Myelodysplastic Syndrome with Invasive Fungal Infection: A Case Report

  • 1Department of Hematology-Oncology, Soonchunhyang University School of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea. skpark@schbc.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Infection, Soonchunhyang University School of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea.


Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, morphological dysplasia, peripheral blood cytopenias, and progressive bone marrow failure. The only proven curative treatment for MDS is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, invasive fungal infection following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has become the leading cause of death from infection. Therefore, transplant candidates with previous invasive fungal infection have often been excluded from the transplant program due to high risk of reactivation and associated death. We report on a case involving an MDS patient with complications from invasive aspergillosis who had shown no response to amphotericin-B. The patient underwent successfully unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Myelodysplastic syndrome; Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; Aspergillosis

MeSH Terms

Bone Marrow
Cause of Death
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Myelodysplastic Syndromes


  • Fig. 1. (A) Computed tomography (CT) after use of amphotericin-B, shows peribronchial consolidative lesion with inner necrosis in right middle lobe (RML) and right lower lobe (RLL) around major fissure. (B) CT after use of voriconazole, shows decreased extent of peribronchial consolidative lesion with inner necrosis in RML and RLL around major fissure. (C) CT after stem cell transplantation, shows improved peribronchial consolidative lesion with liquefaction of previous necrotic material in RML and RLL around major fissure.



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