Biomol Ther.  2014 May;22(3):193-199.

Britanin Suppresses IgE/Ag-Induced Mast Cell Activation by Inhibiting the Syk Pathway

Affiliations
  • 1School of Pharmacy, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.
  • 2College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 712-749, Republic of Korea. hwchang@yu.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Pathology, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu 705-718, Republic of Korea.
  • 4Department of Biological Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Republic of Korea.
  • 5Research and Development Division, Korean Promotion Institute for Traditional Medicine Industry, Gyeongsan 712-210, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether britanin, isolated from the flowers of Inula japonica (Inulae Flos), modulates the generation of allergic inflammatory mediators in activated mast cells. To understand the biological activity of britanin, the authors investigated its effects on the generation of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), leukotriene C4 (LTC4), and degranulation in IgE/Ag-induced bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs). Britanin dose dependently inhibited degranulation and the generations of PGD2 and LTC4 in BMMCs. Biochemical analyses of IgE/Ag-mediated signaling pathways demonstrated that britanin suppressed the phosphorylation of Syk kinase and multiple downstream signaling processes, including phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1)-mediated calcium influx, the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs; extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase and p38), and the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) pathway. Taken together, the findings of this study suggest britanin suppresses degranulation and eicosanoid generation by inhibiting the Syk-dependent pathway and britanin might be useful for the treatment of allergic inflammatory diseases.

Keyword

Britanin; Mast cells; Eicosanoid; Degranulation; Syk kinase; Mitogen-activated protein kinase; Allergic inflammation

MeSH Terms

Calcium
Family Characteristics
Flowers
Inula
Leukotriene C4
Mast Cells*
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Phospholipases
Phosphorylation
Phosphotransferases
Prostaglandin D2
Calcium
Leukotriene C4
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Phospholipases
Phosphotransferases
Prostaglandin D2
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