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Particulate-Matter Related Respiratory Diseases

Kyung SY, Jeong SH

Particulate matter (PM) is suspended dust that has a diameter of
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Effects of Particulate Respirator Use on Cardiopulmonary Function in Elderly Women: a Quasi-Experimental Study

Lim YH, Kim W, Choi Y, Kim HC, Na G, Kim HR, Hong YC

BACKGROUND: Individual particulate respirator use may offer protection against exposure to particulate matter < 2.5 µm in diameter (PM(2.5)). Among elderly Korean women, we explored individual particulate respirator use and...
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Association between in vitro fertilization success rate and ambient air pollution: a possible explanation of within-year variation of in vitro fertilization success rate

Kang J, Lee JY, Song H, Shin SJ, Kim J

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patterns in air pollution concentrations and in vitro fertilization (IVF) success rates using data from a large, long-term clinical database. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study investigating...
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Particulate Matter 2.5 Causes Deficiency in Barrier Integrity in Human Nasal Epithelial Cells

Xian M, Ma S, Wang K, Lou H, Wang Y, Zhang L, Wang C, Akdis CA

PURPOSE: The effect of air pollution-related particulate matter (PM) on epithelial barrier function and tight junction (TJ) expression in human nasal mucosa has not been studied to date. This study...
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Fine dust and eye health

Choi SY, Eom Y, Song JS, Kim HM

This paper aims to make recommendations for the management of eye health related to fine dust exposure. Fine dust is one of the biggest problems related to air pollution in...
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Short-term Haze Exposure Predisposes Healthy Volunteers to Nasal Inflammation

Xian M, Wang K, Lou H, Wang Y, Zhang L, Wang C

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the impact of short-term haze exposure on nasal inflammation in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Thirty-three healthy university students were assessed for nasal symptoms, nasal patency, upper...
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The Effects of Air Pollutants on the Prevalence of Common Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases in South Korea: A National Population-Based Study

Park M, Lee JS, Park MK

OBJECTIVES: The effects of air pollutants on upper airway disease development have been seldom studied. In this study, we evaluated the effects of air pollution on the prevalence of ENT...
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Association of Particulate Matter With ENT Diseases

Mo JH

No abstract available.
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PM(2.5) and pediatric asthma

Hwang YH, Kim SW

Air pollution does harm to the respiratory tracts. Fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) attacks the lung directly passing through mucosal ciliary clearance, causes new-onset asthma, or exacerbates asthma symptoms in children....
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Purpurogallin Protects Keratinocytes from Damage and Apoptosis Induced by Ultraviolet B Radiation and Particulate Matter 2.5

Zhen AX, Piao MJ, Hyun YJ, Kang KA, Ryu YS, Cho SJ, Kang HK, Koh YS, Ahn MJ, Kim TH, Hyun JW

Purpurogallin, a natural phenol obtained from oak nutgalls, has been shown to possess antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, in addition to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation that induces cell apoptosis...
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Exposure to Atmospheric Particulates and Associated Respirable Deposition Dose to Street Vendors at the Residential and Commercial Sites in Dehradun City

Prabhu V, Gupta SK, Madhwal S, Shridhar V

BACKGROUND: Street vendors spend relatively more time near roadways and are vulnerable to air pollution related health disorders. However, there is limited information on the quality of the air they...
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Role of Particulate Matter in Skin Inflammation

Arooj M, Koh YS

Environmental pollution is a major global problem that affects human health. Among different types of environmental pollution, particulate matter (PM) has a key role. As PM spreads in the air...
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Fine Dust and Dementia: Is Ambient Air Pollution Associated with Cognitive Health?

Han SH

Air pollution is a growing global health concern estimated to contribute to as many as 4.2 million premature deaths worldwide per year. So it poses the greatest environmental risk to...
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Effect of Exposure to 2.5 μm Indoor Particulate Matter on Adult Lung Function in Jakarta

Pramitha E, Haryanto B

OBJECTIVES: Lung function impairment due to exposure to indoor air pollution of particulate matter size 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) is not well documented in Jakarta. METHODS: To assess whether there is an...
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Lung Function of Grain Millers Exposed to Grain Dust and Diesel Exhaust in Two Food Markets in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria

Iyogun K, Lateef SA, Ana GR

BACKGROUND: Despite growing concern over occupational exposure to particulate matter (PM) such as grain dust and diesel exhaust, information about the exposure level and health implications among workers in small-scale...
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Current State of Research on the Risk of Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Air Pollution in Korea

Bae S, Kwon HJ

PURPOSE: The effects of air pollution on health can vary regionally. Our goal was to comprehensively review previous epidemiological studies on air pollution and health conducted in Korea to identify...
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Elderly Mortality and Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Ozone

Jung EJ, Na W, Lee KE, Jang JY

BACKGROUND: The effects on particulate matter (PM) and ozone on health are being reported by a number of studies. The effects of these air pollutants are likely to be stronger...
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Associations of Ambient Air Pollutant Concentrations With Respiratory Symptoms and Perceived Health Status in Japanese Adults With and Without Chronic Respiratory Diseases: A Panel Study

Nakao M, Yamauchi K, Mitsuma S, Odaira T, Obata H, Chijimatsu Y, Ishihara Y

OBJECTIVES: In recent years, transboundary air pollution from mainland East Asia has led to growing concerns about air pollution in Japan. Air pollution is reportedly associated with the exacerbation of...
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Particulate Matter-Induced Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Regulates Autophagy in Keratinocytes

Jang HS, Lee JE, Myung CH, Park JI, Jo CS, Hwang JS

Particulate matter (PM), which refers to the mixture of particles present in the air, can have harmful effects. Damage to cells by PM, including disruption of organelles and proteins, can...
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Niacinamide Protects Skin Cells from Oxidative Stress Induced by Particulate Matter

Zhen AX, Piao MJ, Kang KA, Madushan Fernando PDS, Kang HK, Koh YS, Yi JM, Hyun JW

Niacinamide (NIA) is a water-soluble vitamin that is widely used in the treatment of skin diseases. Moreover, NIA displays antioxidant effects and helps repair damaged DNA. Recent studies showed that...
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