Tuberc Respir Dis.  2020 Apr;83(2):116-121. 10.4046/trd.2019.0025.

Particulate-Matter Related Respiratory Diseases

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea. jsw@gilhospital.com
  • 2Gachon Particulate Matter Associated Disease Institute, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea.

Abstract

Particulate matter (PM) is suspended dust that has a diameter of <10 ┬Ám and can be inhaled by humans and deposited in the lungs, particularly the alveoli. Recent studies have shown that PM has an adverse effect on respiratory diseases. The aim of this article is to review respiratory diseases associated with PM. According to existing studies, PM is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchial asthma, and several other respiratory diseases and increases the mortality rates of these diseases. Moreover, increased exposure in the high concentration of atmospheric PM is associated with the development of lung cancer. The most simple and common way to protect an individual from airborne PM is to wear a face mask that filters out PM. In areas of high concentration PM, it is recommended to wear a face mask to minimize the exposure to PM. However, the use of N95 or KF94 masks can interfere with respiration in patients with chronic respiratory diseases who exhibit low pulmonary function, leading to an increased risk of respiratory failure. Conclusionally, reduction of the total amount of PM is considered to be important factor and strengthening the national warning notification system to vulnerable patients and proper early management of exacerbated patients will be needed in the future.

Keyword

Respiratory Diseases; Particulate Matter; Face Mask

MeSH Terms

Asthma
Dust
Humans
Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Masks
Mortality
Particulate Matter
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Respiration
Respiratory Insufficiency
Dust
Particulate Matter
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