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Spinal Extradural Arachnoid Cyst

Woo JB, Son DW, Kang KT, Lee JS, Song GS, Sung SK, Lee SW

A spinal extradural arachnoid cyst (SEAC) results from a rare small defect of the dura matter that leads to cerebrospinal fluid accumulation and communication defects between the cyst and the...
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Retro-Odontoid Pseudotumor without Atlantoaxial Subluxation or Rheumatic Arthritis

Yu SH, Choi HJ, Cho WH, Cha SH, Han IH

We present a case of retro-odontoid pseudotumor (ROP) without rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS). A 76-year-old woman presented with paresthesia and weakness of both lower and upper extremities....
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The Neck and Posterior Fossa Combined Penetrating Injury: A Case Report

Han HJ, Jung JH, Hong CK, Kim YB

Here we report a case of penetrating neck injury to the posterior fossa that was shown, using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA), to involve no vascular...
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Iatrogenic Vascular Injury Occurring during Discectomy in a Spondylodiscitis Patient

Kim DH, Kim TW, Kim MK, Park KH

All iatrogenic vascular injury occurring during discectomy is a rare complication, but fatal if not immediately diagnosed. When a vascular injury is highly suspected during discectomy, immediate vascular evaluation is...
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Neural Axis Metastasis from Metachronous Pulmonary Basaloid Carcinoma Developed after Chemotherapy & Radiation Therapy of Uterine Cervical Carcinoma

Oh MJ, Jeong JH, Im SB, Kwak JJ, Nam KH

Multiple primary or secondary malignancies after anticancer therapy were recently reported to be increasing in frequency. The authors describe a case of metachronous metastatic pulmonary basaloid carcinoma to the central...
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Shunt Overdrainage Caused by Displacement of the Pressure Control Cam after Pressure Adjustment

Kim SH, Lee YS, Lee MS, Suh SJ, Lee JH, Kang DG

Although the Codman-Hakim programmable valve is one of most popular shunt systems used in the clinical practice for the treatment of hydrocephalus, malfunctions related with this system have been also...
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Spinal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Migrated from Traumatic Intracranial Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Kim TJ, Koh EJ, Cho KT

Very rarely, spinal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SSAH) can occur without any direct spinal injury in patients with traumatic intracranial SAH. A-59-year-old male with traumatic intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) presented with pain...
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A Fatal Adverse Effect of Barbiturate Coma Therapy: Dyskalemia

Kwon HM, Baek JW, Lee SP, Cho JI

The management guideline for traumatic brain injury (TBI) recommends high-dose barbiturate therapy to control increased intracranial pressure refractory to other therapeutic options. High-dose barbiturate therapy, however, may cause many severe...
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Intracerebral Hemorrhagic Infarction after Cranioplasty in a Patient with Sinking Skin Flap Syndrome

Han JH, Lee MS

The sinking skin flap syndrome (SSFS) is a rare complication after a large craniectomy. Hemorrhage infarction after a cranioplasty is a very rare complication with only 4 cases to date....
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A Viewpoint on Treatment of Traumatic Bilateral Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage in a Child: Case Report

Baek KH, Lee CH, Kim SK, Park H, Kang DH, Hwang SH

Traumatic basal ganglia hemorrhage (TBGH) is a rare presentation of head injuries. Bilateral lesions are extremely rare. The pathophysiologic mechanism of bilateral TBGH seems to be the same as diffuse...
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A Case of Intracranial Wooden Foreign Body: Mimicking Pneumocephalus

Kim DH, Park ES, Seong HY, Park JB, Kwon SC, Sim HB, Lyo IU

Intracranial wooden foreign bodies are rare. In addition, such objects are difficult to identify with conventional radiographic techniques, such as X-ray radiography or brain computed tomography. A 48-year-old man presented...
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A Case of Traumatic Unilateral Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia: Clinical Significance of Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging

Lee SH, Nam TK, Park YS, Kwon JT

A 43-year-old man was admitted for head trauma after falling backward. The patient complained of diplopia. Unilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) was diagnosed during the neurologic examination. Initially, no specific finding...
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The Impact of Engorged Vein within Traumatic Posterior Neck Muscle Identified in Preoperative Computed Tomography Angiography to Estimated Blood Loss during Posterior Upper Cervical Spine Surgery

Ha MJ, Kim BC, Huh CW, Lee JI, Cho WH, Choi HJ

OBJECTIVE: Injuries of upper cervical spine are potentially fatal. Thus, appropriate diagnosis and treatment is essential. In our institute, preoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) has been performed for evaluation of...
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Appropriate Cement Volume in Vertebroplasty: A Multivariate Analysis with Short-Term Follow-Up

Kwon HM, Lee SP, Baek JW, Kim SH

OBJECTIVE: The optimal threshold of the infusion volume of cement has been a continuous subject in percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). This study verifies a causal relationship between the cement volume and...
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Effectiveness of Osteoporosis Drug in Postmenopausal Women with Spinal Compression Fracture: Combined Consecutive Therapy of Teriparatide and Raloxifene versus Bisphosphonate Single

Shin CJ, Kim S, Choi CS, Shin HC, Kwon YJ

OBJECTIVE: Bisphosphonate, a typical bone resorption inhibitor, is an important first-line drug for treating osteoporosis. Recent studies show a novel paradigm in stimulating bone formation. Teriparatide, which is composed of...
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Multiple Intracranial High Density Foci after Brain Parenchymal Catheterization

Choi TM, Cho KY, Lim BC, Lim JS, Lee RS

OBJECTIVE: To report an observational investigation of small high attenuated foci in computed tomography (CT) scan followed by brain parenchymal catheterization. METHODS: From January 2011 to March 2015, we retrospectively reviewed...
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Effectiveness of Cortical Atrophy Scale and Indirect Indices of Brain Atrophy to Predict Chronic Subdural Hematoma in Older Patients

Jeong EO, Choi SW, Lim JW, Kwon HJ, Kim SH, Koh HS, Youm JY, Song SH

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether baseline cerebral atrophy can predict the rate of future chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) after head trauma and compare indirect markers of brain atrophy with volumetric analysis...
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Twist-Drill or Burr Hole Craniostomy for Draining Chronic Subdural Hematomas: How to Choose It for Chronic Subdural Hematoma Drainage

Lee SJ, Hwang SC, Im SB

OBJECTIVE: Although twist-drill craniostomy (TDC) has a number of procedural advantages and an equivalent outcome compared to burr hole craniostomy (BHC) for the treatment of chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs), the...
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The Effectiveness of Subdural Drains Using Urokinase after Burr Hole Evacuation of Subacute Subdural Hematoma in Elderly Patients: A Prelimilary Report

Yeo CG, Jeon WY, Kim SH, Kim OL, Kim MS

OBJECTIVE: A subdural drain using urokinase after a burr hole hematoma evacuation was performed for subacute subdural hematoma (SASDH), and its effectiveness and safety in elderly patients were evaluated. METHODS: Between...
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Correlation between Head Trauma and Outcome of Chronic Subdural Hematoma

Kim DH, Park ES, Kim MS, Park SH, Park JB, Kwon SC, Lyo IU, Sim HB

OBJECTIVE: Our study examined the prognostic factors involved in the outcome of patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) who had undergone burr hole drainage procedures, and investigated the association between...
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