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Analysis of Integrons and Antimicrobial Resistances of Multidrug Resistant Escherichia coli Isolated in Korea

Yang YY, Suh MH

Antibacterial drugs are one of the most important therapeutic agents of bacterial infections but multidrug resistant Escherichia coli (MDREC) is an increasing problem worldwide. Major resistance mechanism of MDREC is...
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Genotypic Diversity of Multidrug Resistant Shigella species from Iran

Zamanlou S, Rezaee MA, Aghazadeh , Ghotaslou , Nave HH, Khalili Y

BACKGROUND: In many developing countries, shigellosis is endemic and also occurs in epidemics and treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR) isolates are important. The aims of this study were to determine the...
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Extensively Drug-Resistant Escherichia coli Sequence Type 1642 Carrying an IncX3 Plasmid Containing the blaKPC-2 Gene Associated with Transposon Tn4401a

Jeong S, Kim JO, Yoon EJ, Bae IK, Lee W, Lee H, Park Y, Lee K, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Enterobacteriaceae carrying the bla(KPC) gene have emerged as a major global therapeutic concern. The purpose of this study was to analyze the complete sequences of plasmids...
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Phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes of Salmonella enterica isolated from pet dogs and cats

Srisanga S, Angkititrakul S, Sringam P, Le Ho PT, Vo AT, Chuanchuen R

Salmonella enterica isolates (n = 122), including 32 serotypes from 113 dogs and 9 cats, were obtained from household dogs (n = 250) and cats (n = 50) during 2012–2015....
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Multidrug Resistance Mechanisms of Carbapenem Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Strains Isolated in Chongqing, China

Yan J, Pu S, Jia X, Xu X, Yang S, Shi J, Sun S, Zhang L

BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is considered a serious global threat. However, little is known regarding the multidrug resistance (MDR) mechanisms of CRKP. This study investigated the phenotypes and MDR...
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Detection of Integrons and Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome mec Types in Clinical Methicillin-resistant Coagulase Negative Staphylococci Strains

Hajiahmadi F, Ghale ES, Alikhani M, Mordadi A, Arabestani MR

OBJECTIVES: Integrons are thought to play an important role in the spread of antibiotic resistance. This study investigates class 1 and 2 integron-positive methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci strains isolated in Iran...
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A Novel Integron Gene Cassette Harboring VIM-38 Metallo-β-lactamase in a Clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolate

Beriş FS, Akyildiz E, Özad Düzgün A, Say Coşkun US, Sandalli C, Çopur Çiçek A

No abstract available.
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Epidemiology and Characteristics of Metallo-beta-Lactamase-Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Hong DJ, Bae IK, Jang IH, Jeong SH, Kang HK, Lee K

Metallo-beta-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MPPA) is an important nosocomial pathogen that shows resistance to all beta-lactam antibiotics except monobactams. There are various types of metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs) in carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa including...
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The sul1 Gene in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia With High-Level Resistance to Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole

Chung HS, Kim K, Hong SS, Hong SG, Lee K, Chong Y

Emerging resistance to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (SXT) poses a serious threat to the treatment of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections. We determined the prevalence and molecular characteristics of acquired SXT resistance in recent clinical...
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Epidemiological Characterizations of Class 1 Integrons from Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter Isolates in Daejeon, Korea

Sung JY, Koo SH, Kim S, Kwon KC

BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter spp. acquire antimicrobial agent-resistance genes via class 1 integrons. In this study, integrons were characterized to investigate the antimicrobial resistance mechanisms of MDR Acinetobacter isolates. In...
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Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection in intensive care unit patients in a hospital with building construction: is there an association?

Kamalbeik , Talaie H, Mahdavinejad A, Karimi A, Salimi A

BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) has emerged globally as a significant pathogen in hospitals. It is also present in soil and water. In a previous study, we discovered that the...
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Molecular Epidemiology of Integron-Associated Antimicrobial Gene Cassettes in the Clinical Isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii from Northern Taiwan

Lin MF, Liou ML, Tu CC, Yeh HW, Lan CY

BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to understand the molecular epidemiology of integron-associated gene cassettes in Acinetobacter baumannii across four hospitals in northern Taiwan and to clarify the relationship...
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Diversity of Integrons Carrying blaVIM-2 Cassette in Pseudomonas spp. and Acinetobacter spp.

Yum J, Shin HB, Yong D, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Metallo-beta-lactamase-mediated carbapenem resistance has been increasingly reported in Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter and other Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) in many countries. A few studies showed highly variable structure of MBL-gene cassette-carrying integrons....
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Antimicrobial Resistance Determinants in Imipenem-nonsusceptible Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii Complex Isolated in Daejeon, Korea

Sung JY, Kwon KC, Cho HH, Koo SH

BACKGROUND: Members of the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii (Acb) complex are important opportunistic bacterial pathogens and present significant therapeutic challenges in the treatment of nosocomial infections. In the present study, we investigated...
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Analysis of Acquired Resistance Genes in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

Song JH, Sung JY, Kwon KC, Park JW, Cho HH, Shin SY, Ko YH, Kim JM, Shin KS, Koo SH

BACKGROUND: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a gram-negative bacillus and a nosocomial pathogen in immunocompromised patients. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) is the drug of choice for treating S. maltophilia infection; however, resistance to TMP/SMX...
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Genetic Basis of Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolates from Three University Hospitals in Chungcheong Province, Korea

Koo SH, Kwon KC, Cho HH, Sung JY

BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii as an important opportunistic pathogen has given rise to significant therapeutic challenges in the treatment of nosocomial infections. In the present study,...
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Detection and Characterization of Integrons in Nontyphoid Salmonella Clinical Isolates

Lee JE, Park SJ, Kim SH, Kim MN, Lee NY, Lee BK, Lee SO, Kim YS, Woo JH, Choi SH

BACKGROUND: Nontyphoid Salmonella (NTS) is a leading cause of human food-borne enteritiS. It has been known that integron, a naturally occurring gene capture and expression element, plays an important role...
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Characterization of Class 1 Integrons in Metallo-beta-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Sung JY, Koo SH, Kwon KC, Park JW, Ko CS, Shin SY, Song JH

BACKGROUND: The genes of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL), a powerful carbapenemase, are carried as a part of the mobile gene cassettes inserted into integrons playing an important role in rapid dissemination of...
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Detection of CTX-M-Type Extended-Spectrum beta-Lactamase in Clinical Isolates of Chromosomal AmpC beta-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae from Korea and Their Molecular Characteristics

Kim CK, Yum JH, Yong D, Jeong SH, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Clinical isolates of AmpC beta-lactamase- producing Enterobacteriaceae were evaluated to determine the prevalence of CTX-M extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) and their genetic environments. METHODS: A total of 250 non-duplicate isolates of...
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Antimicrobial Resistance and Integrons Found in Commensal Escherichia coli Isolates from Healthy Humans

Lee JC, Kang HY, Oh JY, Jeong JH, Seol SY, Cho DT, Kim J, Lee YC

The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance among the pathogenic and commensal Enterobacteriaceae are of great concern worldwide. We characterized the antimicrobial resistance and integrons found in commensal Escherichia coli...
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