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Effects of Intraduodenal Infusion of the Bitter Tastant, Quinine, on Antropyloroduodenal Motility, Plasma Cholecystokinin, and Energy Intake in Healthy Men

Bitarafan , Fitzgerald PCE, Little TJ, Meyerhof W, Wu T, Horowitz M, Feinle-Bisset C

  • KMID: 2454640
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Jul;25(3):413-422.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm19036
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nutrient-induced gut hormone release (eg, cholecystokinin [CCK]) and the modulation of gut motility (particularly pyloric stimulation) contribute to the regulation of acute energy intake. Non-caloric bitter compounds, including quinine,...
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Basal Forebrain Cholinergic-induced Activation of Cholecystokinin Inhibitory Neurons in the Basolateral Amygdala

Lee S, Kim JH

The basolateral amygdala (BLA) receives dense projections from cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain. Acetylcholine can contributes to amygdala-dependent behaviors: formation and extinction of fear memory and appetitive instrumental learning....
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Regulation of gastrointestinal hormones during laxative activity of gallotannin-enriched extract isolated from Galla Rhois in loperamide-induced constipation of SD rats

Kim JE, Kang MJ, Choi JY, Park JJ, Lee MR, Song BR, Kim HR, Park JW, Choi HJ, Bae SJ, Hwang DY

Regulation of gastrointestinal hormones have been reported in animal models for constipation undergoing laxative therapy when administered herbal products. We undertook to investigate whether the laxative activity of gallotannin-enriched extracts...
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Calcium-sensing receptor-mediated L-tryptophan-induced secretion of cholecystokinin and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide in swine duodenum

Zhao X, Xian Y, Wang C, Ding L, Meng X, Zhu W, Hang S

This study aimed to elucidate the effect of tryptophan (Trp) on gut hormone secretion as well as the roles of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) and its downstream signaling pathway in...
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Control of Food Intake by Gastrointestinal Peptides: Mechanisms of Action and Possible Modulation in the Treatment of Obesity

Prinz P, Stengel A

  • KMID: 2433519
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2017 Apr;23(2):180-196.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm16194
This review focuses on the control of appetite by food intake-regulatory peptides secreted from the gastrointestinal tract, namely cholecystokinin, glucagon-like peptide 1, peptide YY, ghrelin, and the recently discovered nesfatin-1...
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The Bitter Taste Receptor Agonist Quinine Reduces Calorie Intake and Increases the Postprandial Release of Cholecystokinin in Healthy Subjects

Andreozzi , Sarnelli G, Pesce M, Zito FP, D'Alessandro A, Verlezza V, Palumbo I, Turco F, Esposito K, Cuomo R

  • KMID: 2381299
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2015 Oct;21(4):511-519.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm15028
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bitter taste receptors are expressed throughout the digestive tract. Data on animals have suggested these receptors are involved in the gut hormone release, but no data are available in...
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Effects of Intraduodenal Infusions of L-phenylalanine and L-glutamine on Antropyloroduodenal Motility and Plasma Cholecystokinin in Healthy Men

Steinert R, Landrock M, Horowitz M, Feinle-Bisset C

  • KMID: 2433480
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2015 Jul;21(3):404-413.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm14143
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dietary proteins have potent eating-inhibitory and glucose-lowering effects, which may be mediated via effects of amino acids on gastrointestinal hormone and motor function, although little information is available. We...
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Effect of the Combination of CI-988 and Morphine on Neuropathic Pain after Spinal Cord Injury in Rats

Kim J, Kim Y, Hahm SC, Yoon YW

Cholecystokinin is known to be involved in the modulation of nociception and to reduce the efficacy of morphine analgesia. This study investigated the effects of intrathecal administration of morphine and...
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The Resveratrol-induced Relaxation of Cholecystokinin Octapeptide- or KCl-induced Tension in Male Guinea Pig Gallbladder Strips Is Mediated Through L-type Ca2+ Channels

Kline LW, Karpinski

  • KMID: 2381232
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2015 Jan;21(1):62-68.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm14093
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is a polyphenolic compound (stilbene) and a phytoalexin. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism which mediated the resveratrol-induced relaxation of cholecystokinin octapeptide- or...
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Naringenin stimulates cholecystokinin secretion in STC-1 cells

Park M, Kim K, Lee YM, Rhyu MR, Kim HY

  • KMID: 2313722
  • Nutr Res Pract.
  • 2014 Apr;8(2):146-150.
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Cholecystokinin (CCK), a hormone or neuropeptide, is secreted in response to intraluminal nutrients by enteroendocrine I-cells of the intestine and has important physiological actions related to appetite regulation and...
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Effects of the Addition of Mosapride to Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Patients on Proton Pump Inhibitor: A Prospective Randomized, Double-blind Study

Lim HC, Kim JH, Youn YH, Lee EH, Lee BK, Park H

  • KMID: 2325770
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2013 Oct;19(4):495-502.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) which are the most effective agents for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), have been known to delay gastric emptying. Mosapride has been used...
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Age-associated changes in pancreatic exocrine secretion of the isolated perfused rat pancreas

Jiang ZE, Jiang C, Chen B, Koh CS, Yong JH, Park DH, Won MH, Lee YL

  • KMID: 2312099
  • Lab Anim Res.
  • 2013 Mar;29(1):19-26.
Gut functions, such as gastrointestinal motility, gastric secretion and pancreatic secretion, were reduced with age. Glucose tolerance is impaired, and the release of insulin and beta-cell's sensitivity on glucose are...
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Hesperetin Stimulates Cholecystokinin Secretion in Enteroendocrine STC-1 Cells

Kim HY, Park M, Kim K, Lee YM, Rhyu MR

  • KMID: 1502513
  • Biomol Ther.
  • 2013 Mar;21(2):121-125.
Hesperetin (3',5,7-trihydroxy 4'-methoxyflavanone) and its glycoside hesperidin (hesperetin 7-rhamnoglucoside) in oranges have been reported to possess pharmacological effects related to anti-obesity. However, hesperetin and hesperidin have not been studied on...
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Molecular Mechanisms of Appetite Regulation

Yu JH, Kim MS

The prevalence of obesity has been rapidly increasing worldwide over the last several decades and has become a major health problem in developed countries. The brain, especially the hypothalamus, plays...
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Placebo Effects and Clinical Trials of Neuropsychiatric Drugs

Kim SW, Jang JE, Yoon JS

  • KMID: 2250345
  • Korean J Biol Psychiatry.
  • 2012 Nov;19(4):164-171.
The placebo effect, a response observed during the placebo arm of a clinical trial, is produced by the psychobiological action of the placebo as well as by other potential contributors...
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The Role of Cholecystokinin 1 Receptor in Prolactin Inhibited Gastric Emptying of Male Rat

Chang FY, Lu CL, Chen TS, Wang PS

  • KMID: 2325947
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2012 Oct;18(4):385-390.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Prolactin (PRL) is essential for the lactating mammals, while cholecystokinin (CCK) does inhibit gastric emptying (GE). Present study attempted to determine whether both peptides interacted on the male rat...
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Role of Janus Kinase/Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription in the Pathogenesis of Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Cancer

Yu JH, Kim H

  • KMID: 2167409
  • Gut Liver.
  • 2012 Oct;6(4):417-422.
In the pathogenesis of pancreatitis, oxidative stress is involved in the activation of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway and cytokine expression. High serum levels of...
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Reduction of Food Intake by Fenofibrate is Associated with Cholecystokinin Release in Long-Evans Tokushima Rats

Park MK, Han Y, Kim MS, Seo E, Kang S, Park SY, Koh H, Kim DK, Lee HJ

Fenofibrate is a selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) activator and is prescribed to treat hyperlipidemia. The mechanism through which PPARalpha agonists reduce food intake, body weight, and adiposity remains...
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Vagal Control of Satiety and Hormonal Regulation of Appetite

Owyang C, Heldsinger A

  • KMID: 2325834
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2011 Oct;17(4):338-348.
The paradigm for the control of feeding behavior has changed significantly. In this review, we present evidence that the separation of function in which cholecystokinin (CCK) controls short-term food intake...
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Roles of Non-cholinergic Intrapancreatic Nerves, Serotonergic Nerves, on Pancreatic Exocrine Secretion in the Isolated Perfused Rat Pancreas

Jiang ZE, Shin BN, Kim IH, Lee HJ, Yong JH, Lee MJ, Won MH, Lee YL

It has been rereported that axons which display 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) immunoreactivity are abundant in the pancreas and the majority of serotonergic axons terminate within intrapancreatic ganglia, islet and acini. This...
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