Tissue Eng Regen Med.  2018 Apr;15(2):173-181. 10.1007/s13770-017-0098-2.

Induction of Rhesus Keratinocytes into Functional Ameloblasts by Mouse Embryonic Dental Mesenchyme

Affiliations
  • 1Southern Center for Biomedical Research and Fujian Key Laboratory of Developmental and Neuro Biology, College of Life Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350108, Fujian, People's Republic of China. ydzhang@fjnu.edu.cn

Abstract

Fast progresses in stem cell-based tooth tissue engineering have been achieved in recent years in several animal models including the mouse, rat, dog, and pig. Moreover, various postnatal mesenchymal stem cells of dental origin have been isolated and shown capable of differentiating into odontoblasts and generating dentin. Meanwhile, human keratinocyte stem/progenitor cells, gingival epithelial cells, and even iPSC-derived epithelium have been demonstrated to be able to differentiate into functional ameloblasts. Translational medicine studies in the nonhuman primate are irreplaceable steps towards clinical application of stem cell-based tissue engineering therapy. In the present study, we first examined the epithelial stem cell markers in the rhesus skin using immunostaining. Keratinocyte stem cells were then isolated from rhesus epidermis, cultured in vitro, and characterized by epithelial stem cell markers. Epithelial sheets of these cultured keratinocytes, which were recombined with E13.5 mouse dental mesenchyme that possesses odontogenic potential in the presence of exogenous FGF8, were induced to differentiate into enamel-secreting ameloblasts. Our results demonstrate that in the presence of appropriate odontogenic signals, rhesus keratinocytes can be induced to gain odontogenic competence and are capable of participating in odontogenesis, indicating that rhesus keratinocytes are an ideal epithelial cell source for further translational medicine study of tooth tissue engineering in nonhuman primates.

Keyword

Rhesus macaque; Keratinocytes; Tooth tissue engineering; Ameloblasts; Stem cell

MeSH Terms

Ameloblasts*
Animals
Dentin
Dogs
Epidermis
Epithelial Cells
Epithelium
Humans
In Vitro Techniques
Keratinocytes*
Macaca mulatta
Mental Competency
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Mesoderm*
Mice*
Models, Animal
Odontoblasts
Odontogenesis
Primates
Rats
Skin
Stem Cells
Tissue Engineering
Tooth
Translational Medical Research
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