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Lovastatin derivative dehydrolovastatin ameliorates ulcerative colitis in mice by suppressing NF-κB and inflammatory cytokine expression

Zhang X, Deng QH, Deng JH, Wang SJ, Chen Q

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with intestinal immune imbalance and inflammatory response. Because dehydrolovastatin (DLVT), a derivative of lovastatin, has been recently shown to inhibit inflammation and relieve immune arthritis...
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Evogliptin, a Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitor, Attenuates Renal Fibrosis Caused by Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction in Mice

Kim MJ, Kim NY, Jung YA, Lee S, Jung GS, Kim JG, Lee IK, Lee S, Choi YK, Park KG

Renal fibrosis is considered to be the final common outcome of chronic kidney disease. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have demonstrated protective effects against diabetic kidney disease. However, the anti-fibrotic effect...
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Effect of Sodium Cromoglycate on Acetic Acid-induced Ulcerative Colitis in Mice

Ghafouri Z, Seyyedian , Nikbakht J, Kouhsari E, Bayat S, Zargar H, Houshmand

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that mainly involves the colon. Thus far, glucocorticoids and amino-salicylate have been the main treatment. METHODS: To assess drugs with...
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Restoration of the inflammatory gene expression by horse oil in DNCB-treated mice skin

Lee JC, Park GR, Choi BS, Lee Y, Han CH

The present study evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of horse oil in 2, 4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-treated BALB/c mice. After the application of DNCB, the mice showed atopic dermatitis symptoms, including severe erythema,...
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High-definition ultrasound characterization of acute cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis in the mouse

Lee TG, Sanderson , Doyle P, Li D, Wood RW

PURPOSE: To examine associations if any between changes in voiding function, hematuria, and bladder ultrasonography metrics in murine cyclophosphamide-induced chemical cystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cystitis was induced in 6 female mice...
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Spatiotemporal expression of RCAN1 and its isoform RCAN1-4 in the mouse hippocampus after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus

Cho KO, Jeong KH, Cha JH, Kim SY

Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) can be induced by an intracellular calcium increase and oxidative stress, which are characteristic features of temporal lobe epilepsy. Thus, we investigated the spatiotemporal expression...
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Interaction of genetic background and exercise training intensity on endothelial function in mouse aorta

Kim SK, Avila JJ, Massett MP

The purpose of this study was to characterize the genetic contribution to endothelial adaptation to exercise training. Vasoreactivity was assessed in aortas from four inbred mouse strains (129S1, B6, NON,...
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β-Sitosterol treatment attenuates cognitive deficits and prevents amyloid plaque deposition in amyloid protein precursor/presenilin 1 mice

Ye JY, Li L, Hao QM, Qin Y, Ma CS

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder causing dementia worldwide, and is mainly characterized by aggregated β-amyloid (Aβ). Increasing evidence has shown that plant extracts have the potential...
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Antibiotics-Induced Dysbiosis of Intestinal Microbiota Aggravates Atopic Dermatitis in Mice by Altered Short-Chain Fatty Acids

Kim HJ, Lee SH, Hong SJ

PURPOSE: Alterations in the intestinal microbiota in early life affects the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) in humans. This study aimed to further investigate the effects of gut dysbiosis in...
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Acute toxicity of benzalkonium chloride in Balb/c mice following intratracheal instillation and oral administration

Lee H, Park K

Benzalkonium chloride is a cationic surfactant widely used as a disinfectant, preservative, and sanitizer in many public places as well as domestically. The purpose of this study is to compare...
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Sex-related Alterations of Gut Microbiota in the C57BL/6 Mouse Model of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Son HJ, Kim N, Song CH, Nam RH, Choi SI, Kim JS, Lee DH

BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota is closely associated with development and exacerbation of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The aim of this study was to investigate differences in gut microbiota depending on sex...
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Interaction between Brucella melitensis 16M and small ubiquitin-related modifier 1 and E2 conjugating enzyme 9 in mouse RAW264.7 macrophages

Yi J, Wang Y, Li Q, Zhang H, Shao Z, Deng X, He J, Xiao C, Wang Z, Wang Y, Chen C

Brucella is an intracellular pathogen that invades a host and settles in its immune cells; however, the mechanism of its intracellular survival is unclear. Modification of small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO)...
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Ventilation accelerates lung injury in septic mice

Jung S, Kim S, Cho H, Jeong I, Park J, Jung DI, Yu D

Sepsis is one of the systemic inflammatory responses, and it can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Mechanical ventilation (MV) is one of the best treatments in patients with sepsis...
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Dioscorea japonica Thunb. Ethanolic Extract Attenuated Oxazolone-Induced Atopic Dermatitis-like Skin Lesions in BALB/c Mice

Jegal J, Park NJ, Jo BG, Kim SN, Yang MH

The rhizomes of Dioscorea japonica Thunb. are widely consumed as food and also used to treat diabetes and polyuria in Korea. This study was undertaken to study the anti-atopic dermatitis...
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Effect of a Single Bout of Exercise on Autophagy Regulation in Skeletal Muscle of High-Fat High-Sucrose Diet-Fed Mice

Zhang D, Lee JH, Kwak SE, Shin HE, Zhang Y, Moon HY, Shin DM, Seong JK, Tang L, Song W

BACKGROUND: Autophagy maintains metabolic homeostasis of muscles, and its impairment may cause muscle dysfunction. Exercise can improve muscle dysfunction induced by long-term high-fat diet. This study aimed to explore the...
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Enrichment of Short-Chain Ceramides and Free Fatty Acids in the Skin Epidermis, Liver, and Kidneys of db/db Mice, a Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Model

Kim M, Jeong H, Lee B, Cho Y, Yoon WK, Cho A, Kwon G, Nam KT, Ha H, Lim KM

Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) often suffer from diverse skin disorders, which might be attributable to skin barrier dysfunction. To explore the role of lipid alterations in the epidermis in...
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Anxiolytic Action of Taurine via Intranasal Administration in Mice

Jung JH, Kim SJ

Taurine has a number of beneficial pharmacological actions in the brain such as anxiolytic and neuroprotective actions. We explored to test whether taurine could be transported to the central nervous...
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Profiling of remote skeletal muscle gene changes resulting from stimulation of atopic dermatitis disease in NC/Nga mouse model

Lee D, Seo Y, Kim YW, Kim S, Choi J, Moon SH, Bae H, Kim HS, Kim H, Kim JH, Kim TY, Kim E, Yim S, Lim I, Bang H, Kim JH, Ko JH

Although atopic dermatitis (AD) is known to be a representative skin disorder, it also affects the systemic immune response. In a recent study, myoblasts were shown to be involved in...
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Effects of caloric restriction on the expression of lipocalin-2 and its receptor in the brown adipose tissue of high-fat diet-fed mice

Park KA, Jin Z, An HS, Lee JY, Jeong EA, Choi EB, Kim KE, Shin HJ, Lee JE, Roh GS

Obesity causes inflammation and impairs thermogenic functions in brown adipose tissue (BAT). The adipokine lipocalin 2 (LCN2) has been implicated in inflammation and obesity. Herein, we investigated the protective effects...
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Comparative analysis of dose-dependent neurotoxic response to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine in C57BL/6 N mice derived from three different sources

Hwang DJ, Kwon KC, Song HK, Kim KS, Jung YS, Hwang DY, Cho JY

MPTP, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine is commonly used to induce nigrostriatal defects to induce parkinsonism and/or parkinsonian syndrome, to replicate the lesions seen in Parkinson's disease (PD), with use in numerous PD models...
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