Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol.  2018 Mar;11(1):9-16. 10.21053/ceo.2017.00626.

The Protective Effect of Egb 761 Against 3-Nitropropionic Acid-Induced Hearing Loss: The Role of Sirtuin 1

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. yhkiment@gmail.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
Local administration of 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) to the inner ear induces sensorineural hearing loss. Several studies have shown the otoprotective effects of ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761. Moreover, EGb 761 has been reported to activate Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). The present study was designed to investigate whether EGb 761 prevents 3-NP-induced sensorineural hearing loss and determine its effects on the expression of SIRT1.
METHODS
Sprague Dawley rats were divided into four experimental groups: control group receiving vehicle of 3-NP, EGb group receiving EGb 761, 3-NP group receiving 3-NP, and EGb+3-NP group receiving EGb 761 and 3-NP. EGb 761 was given orally for 5 days. The 3-NP solution was injected into the tympanum 3 days after the start of EGb 761 administration. The auditory brainstem response was recorded before and after the injection. At 4 weeks after the administration of 3-NP or vehicle of 3-NP, cochleae were harvested, and hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemistry for SIRT1 antibody were performed.
RESULTS
EGb+3-NP group showed significantly lower threshold shifts than 3-NP group. There was a significant preservation of type II fibrocytes and spiral ganglion cells in EGb+3-NP group than in 3-NP group. In EGb+3-NP group, there was a significantly greater number of SIRT1 immunopositive type II fibrocytes and spiral ganglion cells than in 3-NP group. Calculating the percentage of SIRT1 immunoreactive type II fibrocytes and spiral ganglion cells in viable type II fibrocytes and spiral ganglion cells, respectively, EGb+3-NP group showed significantly higher SIRT1 immunoreactive cells than 3-NP group.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that EGb 761 may prevent hearing loss induced by 3-NP in an acute ototoxic animal model, which appears to be related with SIRT1 expression.

Keyword

Cochlea; Ginkgo Biloba Extract; Sirtuin 1; 3-Nitropropionic Acid

MeSH Terms

Cochlea
Ear, Inner
Ear, Middle
Eosine Yellowish-(YS)
Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem
Ginkgo biloba
Hearing Loss*
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural
Hearing*
Hematoxylin
Immunohistochemistry
Models, Animal
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Sirtuin 1*
Spiral Ganglion
Eosine Yellowish-(YS)
Hematoxylin
Sirtuin 1
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