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Dizziness after Traumatic Brain Injury: Neurological Aspects

Kim YS, Im SJ, Lee HS

Vertigo, dizziness, and disequilibrium are common symptoms following concussion or traumatic brain injury. Dizziness and vertigo may be the result of trauma to the peripheral vestibular system or the central...
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Analysis of Inner Ear Anomalies in Unilateral Congenital Aural Atresia Combined With Microtia

Park E, Lee G, Jung HH, Im GJ

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of inner ear anomalies in patients with unilateral congenital aural atresia (CAA) combined with microtia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 61...
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ROS Scavenger, Ebselen, Has No Preventive Effect in New Hearing Loss Model Using a Cholesterol-Chelating Agent

Lee MY, Kabara LL, Swiderski , Raphael Y, Duncan RK, Kim YH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The antioxidant ebselen will be able to limit or prevent the ototoxicity arising from 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD). Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) disease is a disorder of lysosomal storage...
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A Case of Bilateral Semicircular Canal Dysplasia with Normal Cochlear Found in Bilateral Vestibulopathy

Lee S, Choi SW

A 25-year-old woman presented with atypical dizziness with oscillopsia. The neuro-otological evaluations showed bilateral vestibulopathy with mild sensorineural hearing loss. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated bilateral isolated lateral...
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Two Cases of Localized Myeloperoxidase-Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis Manifested with Intractable Otitis Media

Lee E, Chung WH

Localized form of myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (MPO-AAV) in the ear is a rare disease. It manifests as a sudden otalgia with hearing loss accompanied by dizziness and facial nerve...
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Isolated Dizziness with Subjective Visual Vertical Tilt in Acute Infarction of Temporo-Parieto-Occipital Junction

Lee JJ, Lee H, Kim HA

Pathological tilts of the subjective visual vertical (SVV) in the roll plane are most sensitive and frequent clinical vestibular signs of unilateral lesions extending from the labyrinths via the brainstem...
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Intratympanic Gentamicin Versus Labyrinthectomy: Inner Ear Sensitivity to Gentamicin and Impact on the Contralateral Labyrinth

Kontorinis G, Tailor H, Gaggini M, Crowther J

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of labyrinthectomy and intratympanic (IT) gentamicin injections on the contralateral labyrinth, we also assessed the response of each individual semicircular canal to each IT gentamicin...
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A Case of Posterior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence Caused by High Jugular Bulb

Choi SW, Kong SK, Goh EK, Oh SJ

Posterior semicircular canal dehiscence represents a third-window lesion manifesting as hearing loss with vestibular dysfunction. Computed tomography findings of a dehiscent posterior canal can be verified with increased vestibular evoked...
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Role of peripheral vestibular receptors in the control of blood pressure following hypotension

Jin GS, Li XL, Jin YZ, Kim MS, Park BR

Hypotension is one of the potential causes of dizziness. In this review, we summarize the studies published in recent years about the electrophysiological and pharmacological mechanisms of hypotension-induced dizziness and...
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Ototoxicity: A Challenge in Diagnosis and Treatment

Ganesan P, Schmiedge , Manchaiah , Swapna S, Dhandayutham S, Kothandaraman PP

Ototoxicity is the pharmacological adverse reaction affecting the inner ear or auditory nerve, characterized by cochlear or vestibular dysfunction. The panorama of drug-induced hearing loss has widened over last few...
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Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease Mimicking Bilateral Ménière's Disease: A Case Report

Kim HJ, Choi YG, Kim HJ, Kim KS

Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) is a rare disease, accounting for < 1% of all cases of hearing impairment or dizziness. It is characterized by sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) or...
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Positional Vertigo Showing Direction-Changing Positional Nystagmus after Chronic Otitis Media Surgery: Is It Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo?

Choi S, Shin JE, Kim CH

This case report describes a patient who developed positional vertigo after surgery for chronic otitis media on the right side. Canal wall up mastoidectomy was performed, and the stapes was...
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The Protective Effect of Egb 761 Against 3-Nitropropionic Acid-Induced Hearing Loss: The Role of Sirtuin 1

Chang MY, Rhee J, Kim SH, Kim YH

OBJECTIVES: Local administration of 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) to the inner ear induces sensorineural hearing loss. Several studies have shown the otoprotective effects of ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761. Moreover, EGb...
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A Case of Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Vertigo during Epidural Nerve Block

Lee BM, Noh JH, Ahn SK, Park HW

Epidural anesthesia has significantly advanced in neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia. It is used for surgical anaesthesia and treatment of chronic pain. Hearing loss during or after epidural anesthesia is rare,...
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Vestibular Histopathology in Temporal Bone

Nam SI

There are a number of reports on the pathologies of vestibular disorders. However, these studies included only a few examples, which were not quantitative but merely anecdotal or descriptive. However,...
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Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation in Pediatric Unilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Lee SA, Lee SK, Sun SW, Jung JH, Lee JD, Kim BG

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (USNHL) are not actively evaluated by physicians. The diagnostic tool for evaluation of USNHL is also controversial, and no strategy for...
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A Case of Labyrinthitis Ossificans Presenting as an Intractable Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Kim DH, Sung JM, Jung HK, Kim CW

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral vestibular disorder. It is easily cured with canal repositioning maneuvers, but some patients are resistant to the repositioning maneuver and...
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The distribution of calbindin-D28k, parvalbumin, and calretinin immunoreactivity in the inferior colliculus of circling mouse

Lee JK, Kim MJ

The circling mice with tmie gene mutation are known as an animal deafness model, which showed hyperactive circling movement. Recently, the reinvestigation of circling mouse was performed to check the...
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A Case of Scala Vestibuli Cochlear Implantation in Tympanogenic Labyrinthitis Ossificans

Lee YS, Heo JH, Park YH, Choi JW

Labyrinthitis ossificans (LO) is a pathologic formation of fibrosis and new bone within the lumen of the otic capsule. The LO is a challenging issue in cochlear implantation since obliteration...
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F-18 FDG PET Findings for Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease

Park HL, Yoo IR, Park SY

Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease is a rare multisystemic granulomatous autoimmune disorder affecting pigmented tissues such as the choroid, meninges, inner ear, and the skin. Neurologic symptoms are usually mild. Clinical manifestations include...
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