J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2016 Jun;22(3):279-291. 10.11111/jkana.2016.22.3.279.

Relationships among Nursing Work Environment, Job Embeddedness, and Turnover Intention in Nurses

  • 1Jeju Hanmaum Hospital, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Jeju National University, Korea. snukjh@jejunu.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among nursing work environment, job embeddedness, and turnover intention in order to provide basic data for efficient management of human resources in nursing organizations.
A cross-sectional, descriptive study design was conducted with 177 nurses who had worked for more than 6 months in five general hospitals on Jeju Island. A self-report questionnaire was used for data collection.
About 88% of the participants reported that they were considering a turnover plan because of overload in their jobs and poor salaries. Nursing work environment was significantly related to job embeddedness and turnover intention. Job embeddedness was significantly related to turnover intention. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that factors affecting turnover intention were the organizational embeddedness factors of organization fit and organization sacrifice.
The results indicate that nurses' turnover intention is associated with nursing work environment and job embeddedness. To reduce nurses' turnover intention and improve nurses' retention, nurse managers should improve the nursing work environment and consider job embeddedness, particularly in relation to the organization fit and sacrifice.


Nurses; Work environment; Job; Embeddedness; Turnover intention

MeSH Terms

Data Collection
Hospitals, General
Nurse Administrators
Salaries and Fringe Benefits


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