J Korean Diabetes.  2015 Dec;16(4):281-286. 10.4093/jkd.2015.16.4.281.

The Efficacy and Safety of Non-Nutritive Sweeteners

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food Service and Nutrition Care, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. jurea@snuh.org

Abstract

High intake of added sugars increases the risk for obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) are widely used in many beverages and food products to reduce calories and sugar content. NNS have higher intensity of sweetness per gram than caloric sweeteners such as sucrose, corn syrup, and fruit juice concentrates. NNS approved for use have been tested and determined to be safe at levels that are within acceptable daily intake by the Joint Food Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization Expert Committee on Food Additives. The eight items of sweeteners are regulated as food additives in Korea. Dietary intake of the sweeteners was suggested as safety level by the ministry of Food and Drug Safety in 2012. If substituted for caloric sweeteners without intake of additional calories from other food sources, NNS may help consumers limit carbohydrate and energy intake as a strategy to manage blood glucose and weight. Dietitians can provide guidance on the use of NNS that give the desired results in food preparation and use at the table.

Keyword

Acceptable daily intake; Diabetes mellitus; Non-nutritive sweeteners

MeSH Terms

Agriculture
Blood Glucose
Carbohydrates
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diabetes Mellitus
Energy Intake
Food Additives
Food and Beverages
Fruit
Joints
Korea
No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level
Non-Nutritive Sweeteners*
Nutritionists
Obesity
Sucrose
Sweetening Agents
Zea mays
Blood Glucose
Carbohydrates
Food Additives
Sucrose
Sweetening Agents
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