Clin Orthop Surg.  2015 Jun;7(2):185-190. 10.4055/cios.2015.7.2.185.

Biplanar Open Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy in the Medial Compartment Osteoarthritis of the Knee Joint: Comparison between the Aescula and TomoFix Plate

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. hskyung@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The purpose of this study was to compare the results of Aescula and TomoFix plates used for biplanar open wedge high tibial osteotomy in medial osteoarthritis of the knee joint with varus deformity.
METHODS
A consecutive series of 50 cases of biplanar open wedge high tibial osteotomy were evaluated retrospectively. Group A contained 25 cases treated by using the Aescula plate, and group T contained 25 cases treated by using the TomoFix plate. Full weight-bearing was permitted at 6 weeks after surgery in group A and at 2 weeks in group T. Clinical evaluations were performed at the final follow-up by using postoperative knee scores and functional scores. Radiographic analysis included postoperative mechanical femur-tibia angle, change in posterior tibial slope angle, and complications related to implants. The mean follow-up periods were 30 months in group A and 26 months in group T.
RESULTS
The knee and functional scores were improved at the final follow-up in both groups (p < 0.05), but no differences were observed between the two groups (p > 0.05). An acceptable correction angle was obtained in 52% of group A and in 84% of group T (p = 0.015). Change in posterior tibial slope angle was larger in group A than in group T (p < 0.001), showing better maintenance of posterior tibial slope in group T. In group A, there were 3 cases of screw loosening and 4 cases of delayed union. In addition, there were residual varus deformities in 7 cases (6 in group A and 1 in group T).
CONCLUSIONS
This study shows that firm fixation using a TomoFix plate for open wedge high tibial osteotomy produces better radiologic results and a low complication rate than those of the Aescula spacer plate.

Keyword

Knee; Osteoarthritis; Osteotomy; Comparative study; Aescula plate; TomoFix plate

MeSH Terms

*Bone Plates
Equipment Design
Humans
Osteoarthritis, Knee/*surgery
Osteotomy/*methods
Retrospective Studies
Tibia/*surgery
Full Text Links
  • CIOS
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr