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Biomaterials Used for Suture Anchors in Orthopedic Surgery

Cho CH, Bae KC, Kim DH

Suture anchors are broadly used for attaching soft tissue (e.g., tendons, ligaments, and meniscus) to the bone and have become essential devices in sports medicine and during arthroscopic surgery. As...
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The Influence of Femoral Internal Rotation on Patellar Tracking in Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Gap Technique

Ko DO, Lee S, Kim JH, Hwang IC, Jang SJ, Jung J

Background: Femoral internal rotation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is well known as one of the main causes of patellar maltracking. Although femoral internal rotation in TKA is considered unacceptable...
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Comparative Study of Pinless Navigation System versus Conventional Instrumentation in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Pawar P, Naik L, Sahu D, Bagaria V

Background: Optimal placement of the components and achieving a neutral mechanical axis are the main goals of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Different computerised navigation systems are presently used for these...
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Vitamin D Trajectory after Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Method for Quick Correction in Deficient Patients

Maniar RN, Maniar AR, Jain D, Bhatnagar N, Gajjar A

Background: It has been widely reported that vitamin D (vit D) affects preoperative, postoperative, and long-term outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Our aim was to study vit D trajectory...
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Death due to Postoperative Ileus after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Kim HJ, Choi YS, Jung CH, Kyung HS

The incidence of postoperative ileus (POI) after colonic and abdominal surgery is high. On the other hand, the reported incidence after lower extremity reconstruction ranges from 0.3% to 4.0%. This...
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Primary Synovial Chondromatosis Presented as Non-Calcified Loose Bodies in the Popliteal Cyst

Cha JR, Suh JH, Chang SW, Park KB

A magnetic resonance imaging test was performed on a 56-year-old male patient, who visited with a one-month history of painless swelling at the popliteal area of the left knee. A...
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Effectiveness of Drain Insertion and Irrigation in the Treatment of Septic Arthritis of the Knee under Local Anesthesia

Yi JW, Oh BH, Heo YM, Jang MG, Min YK, Seo KD

Purpose: Septic arthritis of the knee is an orthopedic emergency that requires early diagnosis and surgical treatment. This study examined the effectiveness of drain insertion and irrigation in the treatment...
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Comparison of the Quality of Various Polychromatic and Monochromatic Dual-Energy CT Images with or without a Metal Artifact Reduction Algorithm to Evaluate Total Knee Arthroplasty

Choo HJ, Lee SJ, Kim DW, Lee YJ, Baek JW, Han Jy, Heo YJ

Objective: To compare the quality of various polychromatic and monochromatic images with or without using an iterative metal artifact reduction algorithm (iMAR) obtained from a dual-energy computed tomography (CT) to...
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A meta-analysis on advantages of peripheral nerve block post-total knee arthroplasty

You D, Qin L, Li K, Li D, Zhao G, Li L

Background: Postoperative pain management is crucial for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). There have been many recent clinical trials on post-TKA peripheral nerve block; however, they have reported inconsistent...
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The Effects of Visual Biofeedback Information on Hyperextended Knee Control

Jung Sh, Jeon Ic, Ha SM

Purpose: A hyperextended knee is described as knee pain associated with an impaired knee extensor mechanism. Additionally, a hyperextended knee may involve reduced position sense of the knee joint that...
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Bone Microarchitecture at the Femoral Attachment of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) by Texture Analysis of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in Patients with PCL Injury: an Indirect Reflection of Ligament Integrity

Kim H, Shin Y, Kim SH, Lee YH

Purpose: (1) To evaluate the trabecular pattern at the femoral attachment of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in patients with a PCL injury; (2) to analyze bone microarchitecture by applying...
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Relationship of the fabella with the origins of the plantaris and gastrocnemius lateral head muscles in late-term fetuses: a histological study

Jin ZW, Kim JH, Suzuki D, Sugai N, Murakami G, Abe H, Rodríguez-Vázquez JF

Previous studies of midterm fetuses indicated that a cartilaginous fabella appeared to be embedded in the plantaris (PL), and was fused with the gastrocnemius lateral head (GL). We re-examined the...
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Fabella and patella variants: radiographic prevalence, distribution and clinical relevance in a population of black African descent

Adedigba JA, Idowu BM, Hermans SP, Okwori OF, Onigbinde SO, Oluwadiya KS, Amoako AA, Weidenhaft MC

To evaluate the radiographic characteristics and prevalence of fabella and patella variants in an indigenous African population. This retrospective observational study of orthogonal knee radiographs of 377 consecutive subjects was...
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May–Thurner Syndrome after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Shim CH, Park JW, Wang L

Iliac vein compression syndrome, which results in thrombosis of the left iliac veins, was first described by May and Thurner in 1957. May– Thurner syndrome should be considered when deep...
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Review of the Reasons in Cases Requiring Varus/Valgus Constrained Prosthesis in Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty

Kong DY, Park SH, Choi CH

Purpose: The least constrained prosthesis is generally recommended in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Nevertheless, a varus/valgus constrained (VVC) prosthesis should be implanted when a semi-constrained prosthesis is not good...
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Truncal Changes in Patients Suffering Severe Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis: A Surface Topography Study

Kechagias VA, Grivas TB, Papagelopoulos PJ, Kontogeorgakos VA, Vlasis K

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee is a degenerative disease with complications, including reduced range of motion and pain. Although OA of the hip and knee is common,...
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Comparison of Patellofemoral-Specific Clinical and Radiographic Results after Total Knee Arthroplasty Using a Patellofemoral Design-Modified Prosthesis and Its Predecessor

Song SJ, Kim KI, Suh DU, Park CH

Background: One recently developed total knee arthroplasty (TKA) prosthesis was designed to alter the patellofemoral geometry and optimize patellar tracking compared to its predecessor. Despite an expectation that the improved...
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Treatment of 10-mm-Deep or Greater Uncontained Tibial Bone Defects in Primary Total Knee Reconstruction without Metal Augmentation: Autologous Oblique Structural Peg Bone and Cancellous Chip Bone Grafting

Chon JG, Kang JW, Kim CU, Jeong U, Go J

Background: In this study, we report satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes after autologous oblique structural peg bone and cancellous chip bone grafting without metal augmentation, including the use of a...
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Perioperative Outcomes of Patients Who Were Not Candidates for Additional Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs in a Multimodal Pain Control Regimen for Total Knee Arthroplasty

Laoruengthana A, Chaibhuddanugul N, Rattanaprichavej P, Malisorn S, Tangsripong P, Pongpirul K

Background: Postoperative pain following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may hamper patients from a rapid recovery and increase perioperative blood loss and stress on the cardiovascular system. Therefore, our objective was...
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Treatment of Recurrent Hemarthrosis Following Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Surgical Interventions

Park KH, Kim DH, Jang SW, Ryu JH, Ko KY

Background: Recurrent hemarthrosis following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a rare complication. Its pathophysiology and standard treatments have not yet been established. In this study, we report 7 cases of...
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