Tuberc Respir Dis.  2000 Aug;49(2):189-197. 10.4046/trd.2000.49.2.189.

TIMP-2 gene transfer via adenovirus inhibits the invasion of lung cancer cell

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase is a natural inhibitor that counteracts proteolytic enzymes essential to the invasion of cancer cell. Whether or not TIMP-2 gene transfer via adenovirus could inhibit the invasion of lung cancer cell in vitro was evaluated for the future purpose of gene therapy against lung cancer.
METHODS
Recombinant adenvirus-TIMP-2(Ad-TIMP-2) was generated by homologeous recombination after pACCMV-TIMP-2 and pJM17 were cotransfected into 293 cell by standard calcium phosphate coprecipitate mathod. Calu-6, one of the most invasive lung cancer cells, was transduced with Ad-TIMP-2 or Ad-β-gal. An-chorage-independent growth and invasiveness were assessed by soft agar clonogenicity assay and invasion assay using two-chamber, well divided by matrigel.
RESULTS
Ad-TIMP-2 transduced calu-6 cells produced bilolgically active TIMP-2 more than 50 times more than parental calu-6. TIMP-2 gene transfer did not suppress the in vitro tumorgenicity. However, two chamber well assay revealed that Ad-TIMP-2 transduction reduced the invasiveness of calu-6 efficiently (12% compared with parental cell) even at low 10moi.
CONCLUSION
Even though TIMP-2 gene transfer did not inhibit in vitr tumorigenicity, it did inhibit invasion of lung cancer cell in vitro. The inhibition of invasion by Ad-TIMP-2 may be a useful strategy for the treatment of lung cancer.

Keyword

TIMP-2; Gene transfer; Lung cancer; Invasion
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