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Determination of Colistin Resistance by Simple Disk Diffusion Test Using Modified Mueller-Hinton Agar

Uwizeyimana JD, Kim D, Lee H, Byun JH, Yong D

BACKGROUND: Colistin has become a last-resort antibiotic for the management of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. The disk diffusion test is cheap and easy to perform but may be unreliable for colistin...
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Rapid Identification of OXA-48-like, KPC, NDM, and VIM Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae From Culture: Evaluation of the RESIST-4 O.K.N.V. Multiplex Lateral Flow Assay

Song W, Park MJ, Jeong S, Shin DH, Kim JS, Kim HS, Kim HS, Lee N, Hong JS, Jeong SH

There is an urgent need for accurate and rapid diagnostic assays capable of identifying carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE). We assessed the performance of the RESIST-4 O.K.N.V. (OKNV) assay (Coris BioConcept, Gembloux,...
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Application of 16S rRNA Gene-Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing for Bacterial Pathogen Detection in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Peritonitis

Kim YA, Kang EW, Moon HS, Kim D, Yong D

BACKGROUND: 16S rRNA gene-targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) can detect microorganisms in a comprehensive reference database. To date, NGS has been successfully applied to samples such as urine, blood, and synovial...
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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Colonization in Intensive Care Units

Kim YA, Park YS, Kim B, Seo YH, Lee K

Active surveillance culture (ASC) can help detect hidden reservoirs, but the routine use of ASC for extended spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is controversial in an endemic situation. We aimed to determine...
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Bisifusarium Delphinoides, an Emerging Opportunistic Pathogen in a Burn Patient with Diabetes Mellitus

Park JH, Oh J, Song JS, Kim J, Sung GH

An 82-year-old man with diabetes was admitted to the emergency department with a third-degree burn on his left leg. The deep swab specimen from his left leg was cultured on...
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Antimicrobial effect of toothbrush with light emitting diode on dental biofilm attached to zirconia surface: an in vitro study

Park JH, Kim YG, Um HS, Lee SY, Lee JK, Chang BS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of a toothbrush with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on periodontitis-associated dental biofilm attached to a zirconia surface by static...
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Effects of Diospyros kaki peel, Momordica charantia, and Canavalia gladiata extracts on the cariogenic traits of Streptococcus mutans

Kim DW, Lee DI, Im SU, Choi YH, Song KB

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine methods of dental caries prevention by investigating the use of compounds of Diospyros kaki (D. kaki) peel, Momordica charantia (M. charantia),...
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The First Case of Otitis in Korea Caused by Brevibacterium otitidis

Mun SH, Lee AJ, Kim SG, Jeon CH, Park CG, Suh HS

Brevibacterium spp. are gram-positive rods that are considered to be strictly nonpathogenic, and a very few cases of their infection in humans have been reported. In this study, we report...
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A Case of Catabacter hongkongensis and Alistipes indistinctus Isolated from Blood Cultures of a Patient with Acute Appendicitis

Ryu J, Kim Y, Lee J, Cho SY, Park TS, Lee HJ

Catabacter hongkongensis is an anaerobic gram-positive coccobacillus that was first isolated in Hong Kong. It is infectious and causes high mortality in patients with rare but underlying diseases. Alistipes indistinctus...
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Detection of Streptococcus mutans in human saliva and plaque using selective media, polymerase chain reaction, and monoclonal antibodies

Lee YJ, Kim MA, Kim JG, Kim JH

The objective of this study was to evaluate the distribution of dental caries-associated Streptococcus mutans in human saliva and plaque. The samples for this study were collected from 90 subjects...
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First comprehensive report of bacteria spp. associated with cloaca of Laudakia nupta (Sauria: Agamidae) in Iran using molecular studies

Sayyadi F, Rastegar-Pouyani N, Azadbakht , Chehri K

Iran bears a remarkable variety of reptiles. One of the lizard families occurring in Iran is the Family Agamidae which is widely are distributed throughout the old world. The large-scaled...
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A Comparative Study on the Contamination Level of Intravenous Infusion Ports: A Comparison of 3-way Stopcock (Open-system) and Needleless Connector (Closed-system)

Jang BJ, Kim KS

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the level of intravenous injection port contamination in 3-way stopcock (open-system) or needleless connector (closed-system) intravenous infusion devices before and after disinfecting for...
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Antibacterial effect of lidocaine in various clinical conditions

Kim HT, Lim SW, Yim KH, Park SH, Choi JH, Bae YM, Shin ID, Shin YD

BACKGROUND: Infection, one of the complications associated with procedures, can cause fatal outcomes for patients. Although the local anesthetic agent we use is less susceptible to infection due to its...
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Clinical Features of Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome Caused by Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Changwon City, Korea, during 2006 and 2015

Park JH, Kim MC, Kang JH, Choi JW, Lee HS, Shin JH, Lee JC, Ma SH

PURPOSE: We investigated the clinical features and epidemiology of staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) from year 2006 to 2015 in Changwon city, Korea. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 69 patients...
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Microbiome diversity in carriers of fluoroquinolone resistant Escherichia coli

Liss MA, Leach RJ, Rourke E, Sherrill A, Johnson-Pais T, Lai Z, Basler J, White JR, Patterson

PURPOSE: Fluoroquinolone-resistant (FQR) Escherichia coli causes transrectal prostate biopsy infections. In order to reduce colonization of these bacteria in carriers, we would like to understand the surrounding microbiome to determine...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Anaerobic Bacterial Clinical Isolates From 2014 to 2016, Including Recently Named or Renamed Species

Byun JH, Kim M, Lee Y, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Anaerobic bacterial resistance trends may vary across regions or institutions. Regional susceptibility patterns are pivotal in the empirical treatment of anaerobic infections. We determined the antimicrobial resistance patterns of...
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Specification of Bacteriophage Isolated Against Clinical Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

Nasser A, Azizian R, Tabasi M, Khezerloo , Heravi FS, Kalani MT, Sadeghifard N, Amini R, Pakzad I, Radmanesh , Jalilian F

OBJECTIVES: The emergence of resistant bacteria is being increasingly reported around the world, potentially threatening millions of lives. Amongst resistant bacteria, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the most challenging to...
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In vitro evaluation of octenidine as an antimicrobial agent against Staphylococcus epidermidis in disinfecting the root canal system

Chum JD, Lim DJ, Sheriff SO, Pulikkotil SJ, Suresh A, Davamani F

OBJECTIVES: Irrigants are imperative in endodontic therapy for the elimination of pathogens from the infected root canal. The present study compared the antimicrobial efficacy of octenidine dihydrochloride (OCT) with chlorhexidine...
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Capsaicin-Induced Apoptosis in MBT-2 Murine Bladder Tumor Cells and Bladder Wall Penetration Effect of the Nano-Encapsulated Capsaicin in Rabbit

Cho SJ, Moon HW, Bae WJ, Park YH, Ha US, Hong SH, Kim SW, Lee JY

PURPOSE: In this study, we attempted to characterize capsaicin's effects with regard to the apoptosis of murine bladder cancer cells (MBT-2) as well as the pharmacodynamics of nano-encapsulated capsaicin formulation...
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Mechanical properties and antibacterial effects of glass ionomer cement containing gallium phosphate glass (GPG)

Kim DA, Kim GR, Lee JH, Lee HH

This study investigated the mechanical properties and antibacterial activity of glass ionomer cement (GIC) containing 1 mol% or 5 mol% gallium phosphate glass (GPG) powder. GPG were added to conventional...
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