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The role of antibiotic prophylaxis in mild to moderate isolated hydronephrosis detected in antenatal screening

Rianthavorn P, Phithaklimnuwong S

PURPOSE: To determine whether continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) could prevent urinary tract infection (UTI) in mild to moderate antenatal isolated hydronephrosis (IH), characterized by hydronephrosis without ureter and bladder abnormalities,...
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Management of Typhoid Fever – Clinical and Historical Perspectives in Korea

Chang MS, Woo JH, Kim S

Typhoid fever, showed a dramatic decrease in its incidence from 56 per 100,000 population just after Korea's independence to
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Susceptibility of the Index Urinary Tract Infection to Prophylactic Antibiotics Is a Predictive Factor of Breakthrough Urinary Tract Infection in Children with Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux Receiving Continuous Antibiotic Prophylaxis

Lee JN, Byeon KH, Woo MJ, Baek HS, Cho MH, Jeong SY, Lee SM, Ham JY, Ha YS, Kim HT, Yoo ES, Kwon TG, Chung SK

BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported on breakthrough urinary tract infection (UTI) associated with the susceptibility of index UTI to prophylactic antibiotics in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) receiving continuous...
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Nocardia abscessus Cutaneous Abscess: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Park HS, Son BR, Song MS, Shin KS

We describe a cutaneous abscess caused by Nocardia abscessus in a previously healthy woman. A 74-year-old woman presented with recurrent bullae on her left forearm that developed 1 week prior...
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Genotypic Diversity of Multidrug Resistant Shigella species from Iran

Zamanlou S, Rezaee MA, Aghazadeh , Ghotaslou , Nave HH, Khalili Y

BACKGROUND: In many developing countries, shigellosis is endemic and also occurs in epidemics and treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR) isolates are important. The aims of this study were to determine the...
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Peritoneal Dialysis-associated Peritonitis Caused by Chryseobacterium indologenes

Choi MW, Oh SS, Choi MR, Lee JH, Yang HJ, Sun IO, Lee KY

Chryseobacterium indologenes (C. indologenes) is a nonmotile, gram-negative bacillus that is widely distributed in nature. Generally considered nonpathogenic, C. indologenes rarely infects humans and is not normally present in the...
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Proposal of a Selective Prophylaxis Strategy Based on Risk Factors to Prevent Early and Late Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia after Renal Transplantation

Lee H, Han A, Choi C, Ahn S, Min SI, Min SK, Lee H, Kim YS, Yang J, Ha J

BACKGROUND: Currently, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is used for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) prophylaxis, but it is associated with frequent adverse effects. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the current protocol...
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The Evolving Epidemiology of Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae Strains Isolated from Adults in Crete, Greece, 2009–2016

Maraki S, Mavromanolaki VE, Stafylaki , Hamilos G, Samonis G

BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in patients with comorbidities and advanced age. This study evaluated trends in epidemiology of adult pneumococcal disease...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibilities of Enterobacteriaceae in Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections during a 5-year Period: A Single Hospital Study in Korea

Park JJ, Seo YB, Lee J

BACKGROUND: Through investigating antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Enterobacteriaceae in community-acquired urinary tract infection (CA-UTI), we provide basic evidence for the use of empirical antibiotics in CA-UTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively...
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Recent Antimicrobial Susceptibilities for Uropathogenic Escherichia coli in Patients with Community Acquired Urinary Tract Infections: A Multicenter Study

Kim WB, Cho KH, Lee SW, Yang HJ, Yun JH, Lee KW, Kim JM, Kim YH, Jeon YS, Kim ME

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and disease-specific antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli in urinary tract infections (UTIs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 862 patients...
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2017 Guidelines of The Korean Association of Urogenital Tract Infection and Inflammation: Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis

Kim KH, Lee SJ, Cho YH, Choe HS, Na YG, Kim JH, Chung H, Chung JM, Jung JH, Choi H, Lee SJ

Acute uncomplicated cystitis is the most common urinary tract infection that mainly occurs in adult females, particularly sexually active young women and postmenopausal women. It is commonly observed in primary...
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Risk factors and molecular epidemiology of community-onset, multidrug resistance extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli infections

Park SY, Kang CI, Wi YM, Chung DR, Peck KR, Lee NY, Song JH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although multidrug resistance (MDR) among extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) poses significant therapeutic challenges, little is known regarding the risk factors and epidemiology of community-onset MDR-ESBL-EC infections. We performed...
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Annual Report on the External Quality Assessment Scheme for Clinical Microbiology in Korea (2015)

Chang J, Kim MN, Kim EC, Shin JH, Lee NY, Kim S, Jeong SH, Kim JS, Kim CK, Bae HG, Yoon NS, Joo SI, Song DJ, Kim K, Jeong TJ, Heo J, Clinical Microbiology Subcommittee, Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service

Annual proficiency surveys were conducted in March, June, and September in 2015 by the Clinical Microbiology Subcommittee of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service. The program covers the...
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Efflux Pump Inhibitor Carbonyl Cyanide-m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) Enhances Bacteriostatic Activity of Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole Against Clinical Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Isolates from Korea

Rhee JY, Choi JY, Ko KS

Although trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SXT) is considered the first-line therapy for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections, there is debate on the use of the bacteriostatic drug in serious infections, and recently, there has been...
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Molecular Typing and Resistance Profiles of Vancomycin-Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus in Korea: Results from a National Surveillance Study, 2007-2013

Kim JW, Kang GS, Yoo JI, Kim HS, Lee YS, Yu JY, Lee KJ, Park C, Kim IH

BACKGROUND: To investigate the national molecular epidemiology and resistance profiles of vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA), we analyzed the characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) collected from clinical samples at tertiary...
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Non-Caseating Granulomatous Infective Spondylitis: Melioidotic Spondylitis

Arockiaraj J, Karthik R, Jeyaraj V, Amritanand R, Krishnan V, David KS, Sundararaj GD

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical analysis. PURPOSE: To delineate the clinical presentation of melioidosis in the spine and to create awareness among healthcare professionals, particularly spine surgeons, regarding the diagnosis and treatment...
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Role of sul2 Gene Linked to Transposase in Resistance to Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole Among Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Isolates

Hu LF, Xu XH, Yang HF, Ye Y, Li JB

No abstract available.
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Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in Polymedicated Patient Treated With Radiotherapy

Perez-Calderon R, Gonzalo-Garijo MA, Corrales-Vargas S, Jimenez-Ferrera G, Rodriguez-Nevado I, Diaz-Delgado M

Temozolomide is an oral alkylating agent indicated for the treatment of patients with glioblastoma multiforme concomitantly with radiotherapy and subsequently as monotherapy treatment. We report the case of a patient...
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The sul1 Gene in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia With High-Level Resistance to Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole

Chung HS, Kim K, Hong SS, Hong SG, Lee K, Chong Y

Emerging resistance to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (SXT) poses a serious threat to the treatment of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections. We determined the prevalence and molecular characteristics of acquired SXT resistance in recent clinical...
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Successful rapid desensitization to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-induced delayed hypersensitivity

Yoon D, Ahn H, Kim SY, Hwang SJ, Park HK, Kang HR

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) is an antibiotic used for the treatment or prophylaxis of Pneumocystis pneumonia and other infectious conditions. Sulfonamide derivatives have been reported to cause delayed hypersensitivity reactions, resulting in...
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