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The ingredients in Saengshik, a formulated health food, inhibited the activity of alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase as anti-diabetic function

Kim M, Kim E, Kwak HS, Jeong Y

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We investigated total 26 ingredients of Saengshik which will be commercially produced as an anti-diabetic dietary supplement. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Thirteen vegetables, nine cereals, three legumes and one seed were extracted with...
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Using education on irradiated foods to change behavior of Korean elementary, middle, and high school students

Han E, Kim J, Choi Y

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Educational interventions targeted food selection perception, knowledge, attitude, and behavior. Education regarding irradiated food was intended to change food selection behavior specific to it. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: There were 43...
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Estimation of curcumin intake in Korea based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008-2012)

Kwon Y

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Turmeric and its active component curcumin have received considerable attention due to their many recognized biological activities. Turmeric has been commonly used in food preparation and herbal remedies in...
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Plain water intake of Korean adults according to life style, anthropometric and dietary characteristic: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2008-2010

Kim J, Yang YJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to provide useful insights into plain water intake of Korean adults according to life style, anthropometric, and dietary characteristics. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The data from the...
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Effect of a 12-week weight management program on the clinical characteristics and dietary intake of the young obese and the contributing factors to the successful weight loss

Lee A, Jeon KJ, Kim HK, Han SN

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to investigate the effect of a 12-wk intervention with behavioral modification on clinical characteristics and dietary intakes of young and otherwise healthy obese and to identify...
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Structural relations of convenience food satisfaction and quality of life according to dietary style: Focusing on singles in metropolitan area of Korea

Kim B, Joo N

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although the issues of singles' dietary style and quality of life are becoming important due to the increasing number of singles with economic power, little research has been conducted...
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Comparison of sodium content of workplace and homemade meals through chemical analysis and salinity measurements

Shin EK, Lee YK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Most Koreans consume nearly 70-80% of the total sodium through their dishes. The use of a salinometer to measure salinity is recommended to help individuals control their sodium intake....
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Bioavailability of plant pigment phytochemicals in Angelica keiskei in older adults: A pilot absorption kinetic study

Correa CR, Chen CY, Aldini G, Rasmussen , Ronchi CF, Berchieri-Ronchi C, Cho SM, Blumberg J, Yeum KJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Angelica keiskei is a green leafy vegetable rich in plant pigment phytochemicals such as flavonoids and carotenoids. This study examined bioavailability of flavonoids and carotenoids in Angelica keiskei and...
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Ameliorative effect of myricetin on insulin resistance in mice fed a high-fat, high-sucrose diet

Choi HN, Kang MJ, Lee SJ, Kim JI

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity-associated insulin resistance is a strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of myricetin on adiposity, insulin resistance,...
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Fermented soybeans by Rhizopus oligosporus reduce femoral bone loss in ovariectomized rats

Yoo HW, Chang MJ, Kim SH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Soy isoflavones are structurally similar to estrogen and bind to estrogen receptors, suggesting that they exhibit estrogenic activities; therefore, they are referred to as phytoestrogens. Fermentation may affect the...
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Pycnogenol attenuates the symptoms of immune dysfunction through restoring a cellular antioxidant status in low micronutrient-induced immune deficient mice

Lee J, Nam DE, Kim OK, Lee MY

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of Pycnogenol (Pyc) on survival and immune dysfunction of C57BL/6 mice induced by low micronutrient supplementation. MATERIALS/METHODS: Female C57/BL/6 mice were fed a diet containing 7.5%...
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Acanthopanax sessiliflorus stem confers increased resistance to environmental stresses and lifespan extension in Caenorhabditis elegans

Park JK, Kim CK, Gong SK, Yu AR, Lee MY, Park SK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Acanthopanax sessiliflorus is a native Korean plant and used as traditional medicine or an ingredient in many Korean foods. The free radical theory of aging suggests that cellular oxidative...
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Artemisinin attenuates platelet-derived growth factor BB-induced migration of vascular smooth muscle cells

Lee KP, Park ES, Kim DE, Park IS, Kim JT, Hong H

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Artemisinin (AT), an active compound in Arternisia annua, is well known as an anti-malaria drug. It is also known to have several effects including anti-oxidant, anti-inflammation, and anti-cancer activities....
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Carnosic acid inhibits TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway in LPS-stimulated 3T3-L1 adipocytes

Park MY, Mun ST

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Carnosic acid (CA), found in rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis) leaves, is known to exhibit anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory activities. However, whether its anti-inflammatory potency can contribute to the amelioration of obesity...
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Vitis amurensis Ruprecht root inhibited alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone-induced melanogenesis in B16F10 cells

Jin KS, Oh YN, Hyun SK, Kwon HJ, Kim BW

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The root of Vitis amurensis Ruprecht, a sort of wild-growing grape, has been used in oriental medicine for treatment of skin ailments; however, its dermatological activity is not sufficiently...
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Anti-inflammatory effects of Rubus coreanus Miquel through inhibition of NF-kappaB and MAP Kinase

Lee JE, Cho SM, Park E, Lee SM, Kim Y, Auh JH, Choi HK, Lim S, Lee SC, Kim JH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Rubus Coreanus Miquel (RCM), used as a traditional Korean medicine, reduces chronic inflammatory diseases such as cancer and rheumatoid arthritis. However, its mechanism has not been elucidated. In this...
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Padina arborescens extract protects high glucose-induced apoptosis in pancreatic beta cells by reducing oxidative stress

Park MH, Han JS

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether Padina arborescens extract (PAE) protects INS-1 pancreatic beta cells against glucotoxicity-induced apoptosis. MATERIALS/METHODS: Assays, including cell viability, lipid peroxidation, generation of intracellular ROS, NO production, antioxidant...
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D. candidum has in vitro anticancer effects in HCT-116 cancer cells and exerts in vivo anti-metastatic effects in mice

Zhao X, Sun P, Qian Y, Suo H

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: D. candidum is a traditional Chinese food or medicine widely used in Asia. There has been little research into the anticancer effects of D. candidum, particularly the effects in...
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