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Effect of saccharin on inflammation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and the related mechanism

Kim HL, Ha AW, Kim WK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive intake of simple sugars induces obesity and increases the risk of inflammation. Thus, interest in alternative sweeteners as a sugar substitute is increasing. The purpose of this study...
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Identification of Molecular Signatures in Mild Intrinsic Atopic Dermatitis by Bioinformatics Analysis

Yin H, Wang S, Gu C

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is recognized as a common inflammatory skin disease and frequently occurred in Asian and Black individuals. OBJECTIVE: Since the limitation of dataset associated with human severe AD,...
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Anti-Helicobacter pylori, Anti-apoptotic, and Cytoprotective Effects of Threonine Synthesized from Corynebacterium glutamicum in Gastric Epithelial Cells

An JM, Kim YS, Hong YG, Hah BS, Sohn MS, Hahm KB

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Among irritants causing gastric ulcer, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) might be pivotal, after which eradication became essential way in either inhibiting ulcerogenesis or preventing ulcer recurrence. Since threonine is...
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Aralia cordata Extract Activates NF-κB and MAPK Signaling Pathways and Induces Pro-inflammatory Changes in RAW264.7 Macrophages

Seo DW, Cho YI, Yi YJ, Lee SM

Macrophages play essential roles in innate immune responses by producing various immune mediators. Therefore, modulating macrophage function is an attractive strategy to treat immune disorders. Aralia cordata var. continentalis (AC),...
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Effects of remifentanil preconditioning on factors related to uterine contraction in WISH cells

Kim CH, Lee SH, Kim EJ, Ahn JH, Choi EJ, Yoon JU, Choi IS

BACKGROUND: Preterm labor and miscarriage may occur in stressful situations, such as a surgical operation or infection during pregnancy. Pharyngeal and buccal abscess and facial bone fractures are inevitable dental...
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Examination of protective and therapeutic effects of ruscogenin on cerulein-induced experimental acute pancreatitis in rats

Ercan G, Ä°lbar Tartar R, Solmaz A, Gulcicek O, Karagulle , Meric S, Cayoren H, Kusaslan R, Kemik A, Gokceoglu Kayali D, Cetinel S, Celik A

PURPOSE: To determine the potential protective and therapeutic effects and action mechanism of ruscogenin on cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis (AP) model in rats. METHODS: Overall, 32 rats were attenuated to the sham...
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Luteolin and luteolin-7-O-glucoside protect against acute liver injury through regulation of inflammatory mediators and antioxidative enzymes in GalN/LPS-induced hepatitic ICR mice

Park CM, Song YS

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activities of luteolin and luteolin-7-O-glucoside were compared in galactosamine (GalN)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced hepatitic ICR mice. MATERIALS/METHODS: Male ICR mice (6 weeks old) were divided into 4 groups: normal...
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Lipopolysaccharide induces neuroglia activation and NF-κB activation in cerebral cortex of adult mice

Kang JB, Park DJ, Shah MA, Kim MO, Koh PO

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) acts as an endotoxin, releases inflammatory cytokines, and promotes an inflammatory response in various tissues. This study investigated whether LPS modulates neuroglia activation and nuclear factor kappa B...
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Anti-inflammatory effect of remifentanil in lipopolysaccharide–stimulated amniotic epithelial cells

Kim CH, Jeong SS, Park SJ, Choi EJ, Kim YH, Ahn JH

BACKGROUND: Sometimes general anesthesia is required for dental surgery in pregnant women. Facial bone fractures or neck abscess should be treated immediately. Dental surgery, however, creates a stressful situation that...
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Vitamin D maintains E-cadherin intercellular junctions by downregulating MMP-9 production in human gingival keratinocytes treated by TNF-α

Oh C, Kim HJ, Kim HM

PURPOSE: Despite the well-known anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin D in periodontal health, its mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, the effect of vitamin D on strengthening...
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Anti-inflammatory effect of aged black garlic on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced dermatitis in mice

You BR, Yoo JM, Baek SY, Kim MR

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although aged black garlic has various biological activities such as anti-allergy, anti-inflammation and neuroprotection, effect of aged black garlic on chemically contact dermatitis is unclarified. MATERIALS/METHODS: To evaluate anti-dermatitic activity...
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Propofol Suppresses LPS-Induced Inflammation in Amnion Cells via Inhibition of NF-κB Activation

Yoon JY, Kim DW, Ahn JH, Choi EJ, Kim YH, Jeun M, Kim EJ

BACKGROUND: Preterm labor is a leading risk factor for neonatal death and long-term impairment and linked closely with inflammation. Non-obstetric surgery is occasionally needed during pregnancy and the anesthetic drugs...
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Effect of Estradiol in an Azoxymethane/Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Treated Mouse Model of Colorectal Cancer: Implication for Sex Difference in Colorectal Cancer Development

Son HJ, Sohn SH, Kim N, Lee HN, Lee SM, Nam RH, Park JH, Song CH, Shin E, Na HY, Kim JS, Lee DH, Surh YJ

PURPOSE: This study demonstrates that estradiol downregulates inflammation and inhibits colorectal cancer (CRC) development in azoxymethane/dextran sulfate sodium (AOM/DSS) mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AOM/DSS-treated male and female mice were sacrificed...
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Potential Oncogenic Role of the Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma Gene in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers

Jang SH, Jiang Y, Shin S, Jung SH, Jung CK, Chung YJ

PURPOSE: Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) gene, which located in 1q23.1, is recurrently amplified in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, it is unknown whether PRCC is overexpressed in primary...
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Insights into the signal transduction pathways of mouse lung type II cells revealed by transcription factor profiling in the transcriptome

Ramana CV

Alveolar type II cells constitute a small fraction of the total lung cell mass. However, they play an important role in many cellular processes including trans-differentiation into type I cells...
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Screening of immunoactive ingredients in frequently consumed food in Korea

Gil NY, Lee SM, Mun JY, Yeo SH, Kim SY

The objectives of this study were to find out the plant to enhance immune activity among 42 kinds of foods frequently consumed by the Korean elderly consisting of 5 food...
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Triptolide Inhibits Lipopolysaccharide-Induced MUC5AC/5B Expression via Nuclear Factor-Kappa B in Human Airway Epithelial Cells

Seo BH, Choi TY, Choi YS, Bae CH, Na HG, Song SY, Kim YD

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The representative mucin genes in the human airway are MUC5AC and MUC5B, which are regulated by several inflammatory and anti-inflammatory substances. Triptolide (TPL), udenafil, betulinic acid, changkil...
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PLCE1 Promotes the Invasion and Migration of Esophageal Cancer Cells by Up-Regulating the PKCα/NF-κB Pathway

Li Y, Luan C

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect and mechanism of phospholipase C epsilon gene 1 (PLCE1) expression on esophageal cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The esophageal carcinoma cell lines Eca109 and EC9706...
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Tussilagone suppressed the production and gene expression of MUC5AC mucin via regulating nuclear factor-kappa B signaling pathway in airway epithelial cells

Choi BS, Kim YJ, Yoon YP, Lee HJ, Lee CJ

In the present study, we investigated whether tussilagone, a natural product derived from Tussilago farfara, significantly affects the production and gene expression of airway MUC5AC mucin. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were...
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Estrogen reinforces barrier formation and protects against tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced barrier dysfunction in oral epithelial cells

Choi YS, Baek K, Choi Y

PURPOSE: Epithelial barrier dysfunction is involved in the pathophysiology of periodontitis and oral lichen planus. Estrogens have been shown to enhance the physical barrier function of intestinal and esophageal epithelia,...
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