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Risk Factors and Causes of Short-Term Mortality after Emergency Department Discharge in Older Patients: Using Nationwide Health Insurance Claims Data

Na S, Cho Y, Lim TH, Kang H, Oh J, Ko BS

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors and causes of short-term mortality after emergency department (ED) discharge in older patients. METHODS: This population-based cohort study used...
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Grip Strength as a Predictor of Cerebrovascular Disease

Jung SH, Kim JH

BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease is included in four major diseases and is a disease that has high rates of prevalence and mortality around the world. Moreover, it is a disease that...
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Diabetes-related Amylin Dyshomeostasis: a Contributing Factor to Cerebrovascular Pathology and Dementia

Ly H, Despa F

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) increases the risk for cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and dementia. The underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive, which hampers the development of treatment or/and effective prevention strategies. Recent...
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Associations for BCO2, PCSK9, and TR1B1 Polymorphism and Lifestyle Factors with Ischemic Stroke: A Nested Case-Control Study

Zhao TY, Li Z, Lei S, Huang L, Yang L

PURPOSE: To investigate associations for polymorphisms in β-carotene 9′,10′-oxygenase (BCO2, rs10431036 and rs11214109), proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9, rs11583680), and tribbles pseudokinase 1 (TRIB1, rs17321515 and rs2954029), as...
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Diabetes Mellitus and Cause-Specific Mortality: A Population-Based Study

Li S, Wang J, Zhang B, Li X, Liu Y

BACKGROUND: To investigate whether diabetes contributes to mortality for major types of diseases. METHODS: Six National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data cycles (1999 to 2000, 2001 to 2002, 2003 to...
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Usefulness of the Berlin, STOP, and STOP-Bang Questionnaires in the Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Yang H, Park H

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic sleep-related breathing disorder that requires long-term management. If OSA remains untreated, it can result in serious health consequences, including increased risk of both...
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Associations between the HaeIII Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in the SLC2A1 Gene and Diabetic Nephropathy in Korean Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Lee DH, Won GW, Lee YH, Ku EJ, Oh TK, Jeon HJ

BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most serious microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus and is one of the leading causes of end stage renal failure. In previous studies, the contribution...
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Prescription Pattern of Antidepressants in Korea for Major Neurological Disorders: Before the Policy Change in 2017

Park Y, Baek ES, Choi J, Lee J, Lee SH, Park KW

BACKGROUND: It is well known that patients with neurological disorders are vulnerable to depression. However, in Korea, National Health Insurance services had banned non-psychiatrists from prescribing antidepressants for more than...
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Effects of Thiazolidinedione and New Antidiabetic Agents on Stroke

Ahn CH, Lim S

Patients with hyperglycemia are at a high risk of cardio- and cerebrovascular diseases. Diabetes patients also have poor outcomes after cerebrovascular disease development. Several classes of drugs are used for...
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Pharmacological Therapy of Peripheral Artery Disease in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Cardiovascular Risk Factor Management

Chon S

Peripheral arterial disease is an arteriosclerotic disease that can affect the arteries of the whole body except the coronary arteries and the aorta. In general, disease of the descending aorta,...
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Hemorrhagic Moyamoya Disease : A Recent Update

Fujimura M, Tominaga T

Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a progressive cerebrovascular disease with unknown etiology, characterized by bilateral stenoocclusive changes at the terminal portion of the internal carotid artery and an abnormal vascular network...
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Non-fasting triglyceride levels in the Korean population with and without ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease

Lee SY, Koo BK, Moon MK

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Associations between non-fasting triglyceride (TG) levels and a risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) have been suggested in Caucasians. We aimed to investigate whether non-fasting...
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Ophthalmologic Clinical Features of Facial Nerve Palsy Patients

Lee S, Lew H

PURPOSE: To understand the ophthalmic clinical features and outcomes of facial nerve palsy patients who were referred to an ophthalmic clinic for various conditions like Bell's palsy, trauma, and brain...
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The factors affecting the level of urgency in the frequent users of the emergency department

Seo JH, Lee H, Park EJ, Kim H, Lee H, Kim SH

OBJECTIVE: study was conducted to identify patients who actually require medical treatment in the frequent users of the emergency department (ED) and evaluate the factors affecting the level of urgency...
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The Effect of Steroid Therapy for Idiopathic Unilateral Vocal Cord Palsy

Bae JW, Lee G

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (IVFP) is believed to be due to inflammation and edema of the recurrent laryngeal nerve caused by viral diseases such as upper...
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Organ donation in Korea in 2018 and an introduction of the Korea national organ donation system

Cho WH

A total of 1,503 solid organs were procured from 449 deceased donors in 2018. Although the number of donors was down by 12.8% from the previous year (8.7 per million...
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Impact of Cerebrovascular Disease on Survival Benefits from Local Treatment in Patients with De Novo Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Kim TJ, Yu YD, Park DS, Rha KH, Hong SJ, Cho KS, Chung BH, Koo KC

PURPOSE: Local treatment has become a treatment option for patients with de novo metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Subgroup analyses based on a history of cerebrovascular disease (CVD) were performed...
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A Study on the Three-Year Weight Changes of Workers at a Manufacturing Company and the Comparison of Metabolic Syndrome Diagnosis Components: Focused on the Data of Korean National Health Screening (2015~2017)

Jung E, Kim T

PURPOSE: This study aims to provide preliminary data for weight management, and prevention and management of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. We examined the effect of changes in the weight of...
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Correlation between Carotid Arterial Calcium Score and Silent Cerebrovascular Lesions in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients: by Using Upper Airway CT and Brain MRI

Kim MS, Kang EJ, Bae WY, Kim JK, Kim CH, Choi JH, Kim SH, Kim DY, Lee KN

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between carotid arterial calcium score (CarACS) and silent cerebrovascular lesions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved retrospective evaluation of...
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Effectiveness of Family-Engaged Multidimensional Team Planning and Management for Recovery in Patients With Severe Stroke and Low Functional Status

Hiragami F, Hiragami S, Inoue Y

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of family-engaged multidimensional team planning and management for patients with severe stroke and low functional status and to identify factors predictive of improved outcome at...
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