Soonchunhyang Med Sci.  2019 Dec;25(2):125-127. 10.0000/sms.2019.25.2.125.

Pneumomediastinum and Subcutaneous Emphysema after Use of a High-Speed Dental Handpiece

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Korea. tcvsccw@schmc.ac.kr

Abstract

Subcutaneous facial emphysema after dental treatment is an uncommon complication caused by dental procedures. However, in severe cases, it can spread to the neck, mediastinum, and thorax, resulting in pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax. Here we report two cases of subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum after dental treatment using an air-compressed, high-speed dental handpiece. We describe the diagnosis and treatment of iatrogenic pneumomediastinum.

Keyword

Pneumomediastinum; Mediastinal emphysema; Diagnostic imaging

MeSH Terms

Diagnosis
Diagnostic Imaging
Emphysema
Mediastinal Emphysema*
Mediastinum
Neck
Pneumothorax
Subcutaneous Emphysema*
Thorax
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