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A Case of Incidental Retroperitoneal Ganglioneuroma

Song WY, Lee MW, Han IS, Park YJ, Han SY, Baek DH, Lee BE, Kim GH

Ganglioneuroma is a rare benign tumor originating from the neural crest cells. It occurs most commonly in the retroperitoneum and posterior mediastinum and is often found in the neck or...
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Primary Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma in the Anterior Mediastinum: A Case Report and Review

Joo S, Song JW, Na KJ, Park S, Park IK, Kim YT, Kang CH

Extraskeletal osteosarcoma (ESOS) is a malignant soft tissue neoplasm producing osteoid, without any continuity with the bone or periosteum. Primary ESOS presenting in the mediastinum is an extremely rare, yet...
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Quantitative Thoracic Magnetic Resonance Criteria for the Differentiation of Cysts from Solid Masses in the Anterior Mediastinum

Hwang EJ, Paek M, Yoon SH, Kim J, Lee HY, Goo JM, Kim H, Kim H, Ackman JB

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters for differentiation of cysts from and solid masses in the anterior mediastinum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The development dataset included 18 patients from...
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Distinguishing between Thymic Epithelial Tumors and Benign Cysts via Computed Tomography

Lee SH, Yoon SH, Nam JG, Kim HJ, Ahn SY, Kim HK, Lee HJ, Lee HH, Cheon GJ, Goo JM

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether computed tomography (CT) and fluorine-18-labeled fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) may be applied to distinguish thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) from benign cysts in the anterior...
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Development of Castleman Disease in the Paravertebral Space Mimicking a Neurogenic Tumor

Kwak YJ, Park S, Kang CH, Kim YT, Park IK

Castleman disease is a relatively rare disease, characterized by well-circumscribed benign lymph-node hyperplasia. The disease may develop anywhere in the lymphatic system, but is most commonly reported as unicentric Castleman...
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Pneumomediastinum and Subcutaneous Emphysema after Use of a High-Speed Dental Handpiece

Park YK, Choi CW, Shin HK

Subcutaneous facial emphysema after dental treatment is an uncommon complication caused by dental procedures. However, in severe cases, it can spread to the neck, mediastinum, and thorax, resulting in pneumomediastinum...
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A Rare Case of Bronchogenic Cyst Mistaken for Adrenal Tumor

Jung HD, Seo IY

Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital malformations, most often occurring in the pulmonary parenchyma or posterior mediastinum. But they can develop in the ectopic area, especially in the retroperitoneal space. We...
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Primary Pelvic Peritoneal Yolk Sac Tumor in the Post-Pubertal Female: a Case Report with Literature Review

Kim M, Lee EJ, Hwang J, Hong SS, Chang YW, Oh E, Nam BD, Choi I, Kim JS

Yolk sac tumors are rare malignant germ cell neoplasms that usually arise from the gonads. Extragonadal yolk sac tumors (EGYSTs) frequently occur in the mediastinum in post-pubertal females. EGYSTs in...
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A Case of Multiple Posterior Cervical Ganglioneuromas in Elderly Patient

Lim SH, Kim MA, Kim SW

Ganglioneuroma (GN) is benign neurogenic tumor arising from ganglia of the sympathetic nervous system. They are mostly found at posterior mediastinum, retroperitoneum, and adrenal gland, whereas only 1–5% occurred in...
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Bronchogenic Cyst in Posterior Mediastinum with Butterfly Vertebra: A Case Report

Kim M, Park HJ, Ko JM, Yoo J

Most mediastinal cystic masses result from abnormal development of the embryo. Common developmental cysts in the posterior mediastinum are bronchogenic, neurenteric, and esophageal duplication cysts. These cystic masses appear identical...
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Ectopic Mediastinal Parathyroid Adenoma in a Patient with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Case Report

Choo DM, Kim JH, Kim SS

We report an ectopic mediastinal parathyroid adenoma in a patient with chronic kidney disease who presented with refractory hypercalcemia. Technetium-99m-sestamibi scintigraphy is a valuable imaging technique for the detection of...
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A Case of Synchronous Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

Lee SJ, Lim SY, Yoo TK, Kim SK, Kim YG, Lee HJ, Song JU

A 65-year-old male was referred to our hospital for evaluation of a right pleural effusion. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) revealed a huge central mass with right hilar and subcarinal lymph...
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Erdheim-Chester Disease Presenting as an Anterior Mediastinal Tumor without Skeletal Involvement

Lee K, Kim HR, Roh J, Ok YJ, Jeon BB, Kim YW

Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a form of non–Langerhans cell histiocytosis that most commonly involves the skeletal system. We report an unusual case of ECD presenting as an anterior mediastinal tumor...
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Radiologic Findings of Renal Schwannoma: A Case Report and Literature Review

Hwang ST, Sung DJ, Sim KC, Han NY, Park BJ, Kim MJ, Lee JH

Schwannoma is a benign nerve sheath tumor that involves Schwann cells mostly found in the head, neck, posterior mediastinum and extremities. Schwannoma develops rarely in the retroperitoneum; thus, renal schwannoma...
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Prenatally detected thoracic neuroblastoma

Park Y, Lee HJ, Jung YJ, Lee JH, Kwon JY, Kim YH

Neuroblastoma is the most common pediatric extracranial solid tumor derived from primitive neural crest cells of the sympathetic nervous system. Although one-fifths of all neuroblastomas occurs within the thorax, thoracic...
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Anterior Mediastinal Goiter Removed via Median Sternotomy: Short Communication and Literature Review

Suh YJ, Kim LS

The majority of substernal goiters can be retrieved through the neck. However, sternotomy is indicated in roughly 1% to 8% of cases. Herein, we report a case of huge anterior...
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An Aggressive Large Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma of the Anterior Mediastinum in a Young Woman

Dutta R, Pal H, Garg G, Mohanty S

Hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumor with involvement of the liver, brain, long bones, and lung. Among the 6 histological subtypes, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is the most aggressive. Its occurrence...
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Evidence of Subclavian Vein Thrombosis on First-Pass ¹⁸FDG PET in a Patient with Relapsing Upper Mediastinum Lymphoma

Ben Bouallègue F, Vauchot F, Mariano-Goulart D

Baseline ¹⁸F-FDG PET was performed in a 74-year-old patient with relapsing upper mediastinum lymphoma. Left subclavian thrombosis was suspected on prior contrast-enhanced CT. Dynamic PET imaging was achieved during 3...
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Bronchogenic Cyst in an Intradiaphragmatic Location: A Case Report

Yoon JH, Lee KN, Kang EJ, Kim MS, Choi PJ, Roh MS

Bronchogenic cysts are congenital lesions usually observed in the mediastinum, near the tracheal carina and middle mediastinum. Herein, we present an exceedingly rare case of intradiaphragmatic bronchogenic cyst with an...
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The Normal Aging Chest: An Overview of Radiologic Imaging Features

Kang EY, Lee JW, Choo JY, Yong HS, Lee KY, Oh YW

Many age-related morphologic changes are revealed in radiologic images of the chest in the elderly. We categorize the aging chest according to changes in the lung, airways, mediastinum, chest wall,...
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