Pediatr Emerg Med J.  2018 Dec;5(2):62-66. 10.22470/pemj.2018.00241.

Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum during dental treatment

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea. pedjhl@chosun.ac.kr

Abstract

Subcutaneous emphysema is a rare complication of maxillofacial and dental surgery, and may be life-threatening because it can rapidly spread to the scalp, neck, and chest. We report a case of severe subcutaneous emphysema with pneumomediastinum during restorative dentistry in a child with difficulty in communication. The patient was hospitalized for conservative treatment and discharged after complete recovery as a result of timely diagnosis and treatment. Dentists and pediatricians should be aware of potential subcutaneous emphysema during dental treatment, with careful monitoring to ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment.

Keyword

Mediastinal Emphysema; Oral Surgical Procedure; Pediatrics; Subcutaneous Emphysema; Tooth Extraction

MeSH Terms

Child
Dentistry
Dentists
Diagnosis
Humans
Mediastinal Emphysema*
Neck
Oral Surgical Procedures
Pediatrics
Scalp
Subcutaneous Emphysema*
Thorax
Tooth Extraction
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