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Pneumomediastinum and Subcutaneous Emphysema after Use of a High-Speed Dental Handpiece

Park YK, Choi CW, Shin HK

Subcutaneous facial emphysema after dental treatment is an uncommon complication caused by dental procedures. However, in severe cases, it can spread to the neck, mediastinum, and thorax, resulting in pneumomediastinum...
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A Case of Subcutaneous Emphysema and Pneumomediastinum after Palatine Tonsillectomy

Lee E, Park SI, Ryu GH, Kim HY

Palatine tonsillectomy is a very common procedure and it is relatively safe and has few complications. However, some severe, although rare, complications that can lead a patient to life-threatening status...
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Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum during dental treatment

Ko SY, Lee JH

Subcutaneous emphysema is a rare complication of maxillofacial and dental surgery, and may be life-threatening because it can rapidly spread to the scalp, neck, and chest. We report a case...
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Pneumomediastinum after Forceful Vomiting in a Patient with Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Kim DH, Yu TY, Cho CG

No abstract available.
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Pneumoretroperitoneum, Pneumomediastinum, Pneumothorax, and Subcutaneous Emphysema after Diagnostic Colonoscopy

Lee HS, Park HH, Kim JS, Kang SH, Moon HS, Sung JK, Lee BS, Jeong HY

Colonoscopy is a commonly performed endoscopic procedure. Although it is generally considered to be safe, serious complications, such as colorectal perforation, can occur. Most colonic perforations are intraperitoneal and cause...
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Pneumomediastinum and Pneumoretroperitoneum Induced by Foreign Body in Bronchus

Bang H, Kim SS

A 5-year-old boy was on medication after diagnosed with infantile spasm, and had regular diet with bedridden state. The patient had intermittent fever and cough lasting 1 week before admission....
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Iatrogenic subcutaneous cervicofacial emphysema with pneumomediastinum after class V restoration

Lee SW, Huh YH, Cha MS

Subcutaneous facial emphysema after dental treatment is an uncommon complication caused by the invasion of high-pressure air; in severe cases, it can spread to the neck, mediastinum, and thorax, resulting...
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Multiseptated Cystic Pneumomediastinum in a Term Newborn: Cystic and Bubbly Lesion on Chest X-ray

Kang HG, Seo HJ

In general, pneumomediastinum occurs in newborns with underlying lung problems, particularly when a ventilator is needed. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum without preceding assisted ventilation, and presenting as a huge cystic mass in...
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Pneumoretroperitoneum, Pneumomediastinum, Subcutaneous Emphysema After a Rectal Endoscopic Mucosal Resection

Jung HC, Kim HJ, Ji SB, Cho JH, Kwak JH, Lee CM, Kim WS, Kim JJ, Lee JM, Lee SS

An endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is an effective and safe therapeutic technique for treating a patient with a laterally-spreading tumor (LST). Colonoscopic-procedure-related complications are noted to be about 2.8% worldwide,...
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A Case of Pneumorrhachis Associated with Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum and Subcutaneous Emphysema

Lee DG, Jung JG, Park JO, Kim MR

Pneumorrhachis or epidural emphysema is an uncommon finding observed in the spinal epidural space. Pneumorrhachis could be occasionally associated with pneumomediastinum or pneumothorax or subcutaneous emphysema. Probably this results from...
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Clinical Manifestations of Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum

Park SJ, Park JY, Jung J, Park SY

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon disorder with only a few reported clinical studies. The goals of this study were to investigate the clinical manifestations and the natural course...
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Spontaneous Retropharyngeal and Mediastinal Emphysema

Cho DY, Aaron GP, Shepard KG

A 14-year-old girl with no significant medical history presented at Emergency Department with sore throat and odynophagia after one episode of nonviolent coughing. She denied any respiratory distress, voice change,...
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Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum: An Unusual Pulmonary Complication in Anorexia Nervosa

Lee KJ, Yum HK, Park IN

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (PM) is an uncommon condition in which free air enters the mediastinum. This usually occurs either through esophageal tears after vigorous vomiting, or after alveolar rupture subsequent to...
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A Case of Congenital Bronchial Defect Resulting in Massive Posterior Pneumomediastinum: First Case Report

Jeong JE, Bae CH, Kim WT

Bronchial defects in neonates are known to occur very rarely as a complication of mechanical ventilation or intubation. This causes persistent air leakage that may form massive pneumomediastinum or pneumothorax,...
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Two Cases of Newly Diagnosed Asthma with Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum During Asthma Exacerbation

Lee JY, Yoon SW, Gu KM, Kim JS, Choi JC, Shin JW, Kim JY, Park IW, Choi BW, Jung JW

Pneumomediastinum, a condition in which air is present in the mediastinum, is generally regarded as a benign, self-limited process. Rare life-threatening causes such as esophageal rupture must be excluded. A...
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Diabetic Ketoacidosis with Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum: A Case Report

Shin SH, Kim DM, Park JR, Rhee SY, Ahn JS, Park HM, Park IY

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is defined as the presence of extraluminal gas in the mediastinal space without any clear traumatic cause. It has been reported in association with asthma exacerbation, emesis,...
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Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum with Concurrent Pneumorrhachis

Jung H, Lee SC, Lee DH, Kim GJ

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is a very uncommon entity that is defined as the presence of free air in the mediastinum without an obvious etiology. The presence of air in the spinal...
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A Case of Dermatomyositis Complicated with Pneumomediastinum Successfully treated with Cyclosporine A: a Case Report and Review of Literature

Chung JY, Yoon HY, Choi YJ, Song SK, Lee WS, Yoo WH

Dermatomyositis (DM) is a systemic inflammatory disease affecting skeletal muscles and other organs. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (PnM) has been previously reported as a rare complication of DM and it is known...
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Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum Complicating with Asthma

Woo YM, Jung EJ, Seong JS, Jeong BJ, Cho YJ, Kang YM, Lee E

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an uncommon disease that is defined as the presence of free air in the mediastinum in the absence of any obvious precipitating cause. This condition occurs as...
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Lung transplantation in a patient with massive pneumomediastinum following 66 days of awake extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support: A case report

Kim JA, Yang M, Ahn HJ, Lee EK, Choi JY

In a 54-year-old man with interstitial lung disease associated with dermatomyositis, acute exacerbation of the disease had occurred and massive pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and extensive subcutaneous emphysema were developed while waiting...
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