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Urgent decompression of tension pneumomediastinum in a patient to relieve elevated intracranial pressure: a case report

Ahmed KM, Chan-Leveno TV, Lussier BL

Background: Timely recognition and intervention for venous outflow obstruction due to intrathoracic pathology are critical for controlling elevated intracranial pressure. Case Report: A 26-year-old man with pectus excavatum and a posterior...
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Hemopneumothorax as an Unusual and Delayed Complication of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia: A Case Report

Sayan M, Turk MS, Ozkan D, Kankoc A, Tombul I, Celik A

The increasing number of studies published on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia has improved our knowledge of the disease itself and its complications. Despite a considerable number of publications on...
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Syncope and pneumomediastinum during the maxillary sinus elevation with an air-syringe: a case report

Kim SW, Lee J, Song JY

Pneumomediastinum is a very rare and potentially catastrophic complication of dental procedures. Its common causes are tooth extraction, endodontic treatment, and subgingival curettage using handpieces and high-pressure air/water syringes. We...
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Invisible perforation during an endoscopic procedure of the esophagus under general anesthesia - A case report -

Heo HJ, Lee JH, Kim YY, Baek SM, Kim KM, Jung DW

Background: Endoscopic procedures of the esophagus are more complicated than those of other regions of the gastrointestinal tract. They have a relatively long procedure time and high risk of complications,...
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A Case of Neonatal Pneumomediastinum with Subcutaneous Emphysema Suspected to Be Caused by Pharyngoesophageal Injury

Lee SH, Kim JK

Iatrogenic esophageal perforation is a rare condition in children, but occasionally occurs in premature infants due to repeated intubation or nasogastric tube insertion. Esophageal perforation is common in pneumothorax and...
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Pneumomediastinum and Subcutaneous Emphysema after Use of a High-Speed Dental Handpiece

Park YK, Choi CW, Shin HK

Subcutaneous facial emphysema after dental treatment is an uncommon complication caused by dental procedures. However, in severe cases, it can spread to the neck, mediastinum, and thorax, resulting in pneumomediastinum...
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Iatrogenic Tension Pneumothorax after Surgical Tracheostomy in a Child with Idiopathic Subglottic Stenosis: case report

Park SY, Yim WJ, Jeong JH, Kim J, Lee SC, Choi SR, Lee JH, Chung CJ

Tracheostomy is increasingly performed in children for upper airway anomalies. Here, an 18-month-old child (height 84.1 cm, weight 12.5 kg) presented to the emergency department with dyspnea, stridor, and chest...
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Emphysema following air-powder abrasive treatment for peri-implantitis

Lee ST, Subu MG, Kwon TG

BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous emphysema refers to swelling caused by the presence of air or gas in the interstices of loose connective tissue. In the head and neck area, it may follow...
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Pneumoretroperitoneum, Pneumomediastinum, Pneumothorax, and Subcutaneous Emphysema after Diagnostic Colonoscopy

Lee HS, Park HH, Kim JS, Kang SH, Moon HS, Sung JK, Lee BS, Jeong HY

Colonoscopy is a commonly performed endoscopic procedure. Although it is generally considered to be safe, serious complications, such as colorectal perforation, can occur. Most colonic perforations are intraperitoneal and cause...
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Pneumomediastinum and Pneumoretroperitoneum Induced by Foreign Body in Bronchus

Bang H, Kim SS

A 5-year-old boy was on medication after diagnosed with infantile spasm, and had regular diet with bedridden state. The patient had intermittent fever and cough lasting 1 week before admission....
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Pneumoperitoneum from Subcutaneous Emphysema after Blunt Chest Injury

Kang BH, Moon J

Pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum can cause pneumoperitoneum, which does not require surgery. There are unverified theories pertaining to how air passes through the diaphragm. We report a case of pneumoperitoneum caused...
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Multiseptated Cystic Pneumomediastinum in a Term Newborn: Cystic and Bubbly Lesion on Chest X-ray

Kang HG, Seo HJ

In general, pneumomediastinum occurs in newborns with underlying lung problems, particularly when a ventilator is needed. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum without preceding assisted ventilation, and presenting as a huge cystic mass in...
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Pneumoretroperitoneum, Pneumomediastinum, Subcutaneous Emphysema After a Rectal Endoscopic Mucosal Resection

Jung HC, Kim HJ, Ji SB, Cho JH, Kwak JH, Lee CM, Kim WS, Kim JJ, Lee JM, Lee SS

An endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is an effective and safe therapeutic technique for treating a patient with a laterally-spreading tumor (LST). Colonoscopic-procedure-related complications are noted to be about 2.8% worldwide,...
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A Case of Pneumorrhachis Associated with Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum and Subcutaneous Emphysema

Lee DG, Jung JG, Park JO, Kim MR

Pneumorrhachis or epidural emphysema is an uncommon finding observed in the spinal epidural space. Pneumorrhachis could be occasionally associated with pneumomediastinum or pneumothorax or subcutaneous emphysema. Probably this results from...
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Clinical Manifestations of Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum

Park SJ, Park JY, Jung J, Park SY

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon disorder with only a few reported clinical studies. The goals of this study were to investigate the clinical manifestations and the natural course...
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Severe Complication of Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy

Cho YJ, Lim JH, Lee YJ, Nam IC

Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) has become an increasingly popular method of establishing an airway for patients in need of chronic ventilator assistance. We report a rare case of a 42-year-old...
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A Case of Unknown Cause of Subcutaneous Emphysema Presented by Generalized Edema

Lee SB, Kim JH, Park SY, Do BS

Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum are commonly derived from trauma or injury of respiratory or gastrointestinal tracts, but occasionally the origin of air was not determined at evaluation. We report on...
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A Case of Congenital Bronchial Defect Resulting in Massive Posterior Pneumomediastinum: First Case Report

Jeong JE, Bae CH, Kim WT

Bronchial defects in neonates are known to occur very rarely as a complication of mechanical ventilation or intubation. This causes persistent air leakage that may form massive pneumomediastinum or pneumothorax,...
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Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum: A Rare Disease Associated with Chest Pain in Adolescents

Kim SH, Huh J, Song J, Kang IS

PURPOSE: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is a rare entity, with only a few cases reported, especially in adolescents. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of SPM in adolescents and the...
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Two Cases of Newly Diagnosed Asthma with Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum During Asthma Exacerbation

Lee JY, Yoon SW, Gu KM, Kim JS, Choi JC, Shin JW, Kim JY, Park IW, Choi BW, Jung JW

Pneumomediastinum, a condition in which air is present in the mediastinum, is generally regarded as a benign, self-limited process. Rare life-threatening causes such as esophageal rupture must be excluded. A...
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