Mycobiology.  2019 Dec;47(4):494-505. 10.1080/12298093.2019.1673595.

Antioxidant, Anti-Melanogenic and Anti-Wrinkle Effects of Phellinus vaninii

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Life Sciences, Incheon National University, Incheon, Korea. tslee@inu.ac.kr

Abstract

In this study, the antioxidant, anti-xanthine oxidase, anti-melanogenic and anti-wrinkle effects of methanol (ME) and hot water (HE) extracts from the fruiting bodies of Phellinus vaninii were investigated. The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl free radical scavenging activity of 2.0 mg/mL HE (95.38%) was comparable to that of butylated hydroxytoluene (96.97%), the reference standard. The hydroxyl radical scavenging activities of ME (98.19%) and HE (97.55%) were higher than that of butylated hydroxytoluene (92.66%) at 2.0 mg/mL. Neither ME nor HE was cytotoxic to murine melanoma B16-F10 cells at 25-750 µg/mL. Although the xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory effects of ME and HE were significantly lower than that of allopurinol, the values were higher than 84 percent. The in vitro tyrosinase inhibitory activities of ME and HE were comparable to kojic acid at 2.0 mg/mL. The cellular tyrosinase and melanin synthetic activities of ME and HE on B16-F10 melanoma cells at 500 µg/mL were higher than arbutin, indicating that the inhibitory effects of arbutin on the tyrosinase and melanin synthesis were higher than those of ME and HE. The collagenase inhibitory activity of HE was comparable to EGCG at 2.0 mg/mL, however, the elastase inhibitory activity of ME and HE was lower than EGCG at the concentration tested. The study results demonstrated that the fruiting bodies of Ph. vaninii possessed good antioxidant, anti-xanthine oxidase, cell-free anti-tyrosinase, cellular anti-tyrosinase, anti-collagenase, and moderate anti-elastase activities, which might be used for the development of novel anti-gout, skin-whitening, and skin anti-wrinkle agents.

Keyword

Anti-melanogenesis; antioxidant; anti-xanthine oxidase; skin anti-wrinkle; Phellinus vaninii

MeSH Terms

Allopurinol
Arbutin
Butylated Hydroxytoluene
Collagenases
Fruit
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Hydroxyl Radical
In Vitro Techniques
Melanins
Melanoma
Methanol
Monophenol Monooxygenase
Oxidoreductases
Pancreatic Elastase
Skin
Water
Xanthine Oxidase
Allopurinol
Arbutin
Butylated Hydroxytoluene
Collagenases
Hydroxyl Radical
Melanins
Methanol
Monophenol Monooxygenase
Oxidoreductases
Pancreatic Elastase
Water
Xanthine Oxidase
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