J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent.  2019 May;46(2):219-225. 10.5933/JKAPD.2019.46.2.219.

Gene Expression of Supernumerary Dental Pulp Related to the Subculture Speed: A Pilot Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Dankook University, Korea. jbkim0222@dankook.ac.kr

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the odontoblast gene expression related to the subculture speed of supernumerary dental pulp stem cells (sDPSCs). The stem cell is undifferentiated cells which has the ability to differentiate into various cells. Specific stimulation or environment induces cell differentiation, and these differentiation leads to bone or muscle formation. 20 sDPSCs were obtained from 20 children under aseptic condition. During the culture through the 10th passage, the third passage cells which showed short subculture period and 10th passage cells which showed long subculture period were earned. Each cell was divided into differentiated group and non-differentiated group. Quantitative real-time polychain reaction (q-RT-PCR) was performed for each group. The genes related to odontoblast differentiation, Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Osteocalcin (OCN), Osteonectin (ONT), Dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and Dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1 (DMP-1), were measured. Differentiated cells showed more gene expression levels. Undifferentiated cells showed higher gene expression level in 10th passages but differentiated cells showed higher gene expression level in 3rd passages. Cells that showed faster subculture period showed relatively lower gene expression level except for OCN and DSPP.

Keyword

Supernumerary Dental Pulp Stem Cells; Odontoblasts

MeSH Terms

Alkaline Phosphatase
Cell Differentiation
Child
Dental Pulp*
Dentin
Gene Expression*
Humans
Odontoblasts
Osteocalcin
Osteonectin
Pilot Projects*
Stem Cells
Alkaline Phosphatase
Osteocalcin
Osteonectin
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