Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2015 Sep;37(9):32. 10.1186/s40902-015-0034-0.

Evaluation of bone formation and membrane degradation in guided bone regeneration using a 4-hexylresorcinol-incorporated silk fabric membrane

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dentistry, Gangneung Asan Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 38, Bangdong-gil, Sacheon-myeon, Gangneung-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea. sangwoone@hanmail.net
  • 2Department of Bio-fibers and Materials Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea. sangwoone@hanmail.net
  • 3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung-si, South Korea. sangwoone@hanmail.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The aims of present study were (1) to evaluate new bone formation among the 4-hexylresorcinol (4HR)-incorporated silk fabric membrane (SFM), conventional SFM, and uncovered control groups and (2) to compare the amount of residual membrane between the 4HR-incorporated SFM and conventional SFM in a rabbit parietal defect model.
METHODS
Nine New Zealand white rabbits were used for this animal study. After the formation of a bilateral parietal bone defect (diameter 8.0 mm), either 4HR-incorporated SFM or conventional SFM was grafted into the defect. The defect in the control was left uncovered. New bone formation and the amount of residual membrane were evaluated by histomorphometry at 8 weeks after the operation.
RESULTS
The total amount of new bone was 37.84 +/- 8.30 % in the control, 56.64 +/- 15.74 % in the 4HR-incorporated SFM group, and 53.35 +/- 10.52 % in the conventional SFM group 8 weeks after the operation. The differences were significant between the control and 4HR-incorporated SFM group (P = 0.016) and between the control and conventional SFM group (P = 0.040). The residual membrane was 75.08 +/- 10.52 % in the 4HR-incorporated SFM group and 92.23 +/- 5.46 % in the conventional SFM group 8 weeks after the operation. The difference was significant (P = 0.039).
CONCLUSIONS
The 4HR-incorporated SFM and conventional SFM groups showed more bone regeneration than the control group. The incorporated 4HR accelerated the partial degradation of the silk fabric membrane in a rabbit parietal defect model 8 weeks after the operation.


MeSH Terms

Animals
Bone Regeneration*
Hexylresorcinol
Membranes*
Osteogenesis*
Parietal Bone
Rabbits
Rabeprazole
Silk*
Transplants
Hexylresorcinol
Silk
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