Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2014 Nov;36(6):239-246.

Membranes for the Guided Bone Regeneration

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Gangneung Asan Hospital, Korea.
  • 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Korea. kimsg@gwnu.ac.kr

Abstract

Many kinds of membrane have been used for the guided bone regeneration (GBR) technique. However, most membranes do not fulfill all requirements for the ideal membrane for the GBR technique. Among them, collagen membrane has been most widely used. However, its high price and weak tensile strength in wet condition are limitations for wide clinical application. Synthetic polymers have also been used for the GBR technique. Recently, silk based membrane has been considered as a membrane for the GBR technique. Despite many promising preclinical data for use of a silk membrane, clinical data regarding the silk membrane has been limited. However, silk based material has been used clinically as vessel-tie material and an electrospun silk membrane was applied successfully to patients. No adverse effect related to the silk suture has been reported. Considering that silk membrane can be provided to patients at a cheap price, its clinical application should be encouraged.

Keyword

Membrane; Bone; Silk; Collagen; Polymer

MeSH Terms

Bone Regeneration*
Collagen
Humans
Membranes*
Polymers
Silk
Sutures
Tensile Strength
Collagen
Polymers
Silk
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