J Korean Biol Nurs Sci.  2016 Nov;18(4):213-220. 10.7586/jkbns.2016.18.4.213.

Influence of Knowledge about Lung Cancer, Attitude and Preventive Health Behavior about Cancer on Nicotine Dependency in Smoking Male College Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Yeungjin College, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing · Research Institute of Nursing Science Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. hshong@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to identify the influence of knowledge, attitude and preventive health behavior of cancer on nicotine dependency in male college students who have a habit of smoking.
METHODS
In this study, a cross-sectional survey design was adopted for the 254 male college students who smoke in D and S city. The data was analyzed for descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS 20.0 program.
RESULTS
Knowledge about lung cancer (β=-.407, p<.001), preventive health behaviors about cancer (β=-.223, p<.001) and the smoking period (5years≤) (β=.198, p=.001) were identified as the factors influencing nicotine dependency of the subjects. The model explained 33% of variance in nicotine dependency (F=20.49, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
The results suggest that anti-smoking educators should include the strategies to increase knowledge about lung cancer and preventive health behaviors of cancer, and to reduce the smoking period in their smoking cessation program.

Keyword

Nicotine dependency; Cancer; Knowledge; Attitude; Preventive health behavior

MeSH Terms

Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Behavior*
Humans
Lung Neoplasms*
Lung*
Male*
Nicotine*
Smoke*
Smoking Cessation
Smoking*
Nicotine
Smoke
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