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Prenatal Secondhand Smoke Exposure: Correlation Between Nicotine in Umbilical Cord Blood and Neonatal Anthropometry

Ramadani M, Utomo B, Achadi EL, Gunardi H

OBJECTIVES: Nicotine narrows uterine blood vessels reducing the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the developing fetus. This study examined the effects of fetal exposure to secondhand smoke on neonatal...
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Genistein improve nicotine toxicity on male mice pancreas

Salahshoor MR, Mirzaei F, Roshankhah S, Jalili P, Jalili C

Nicotine is the most toxic factor of tobacco. Genistein is a phytoestrogen and antioxidant that has numerous health benefits. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of...
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Impact of Nicotine Exposure on Hair Cell Toxicity and Embryotoxicity During Zebrafish Development

Yoo MH, Rah YC, Park S, Koun S, Im GJ, Chae SW, Jung HH, Choi J

OBJECTIVES: Nicotine has various adverse effects including negative impacts associated with maternal exposure. In the current study, we examined nicotine-induced damage of hair cells and embryotoxicity during zebrafish development. METHODS: Zebrafish...
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Various Forms of Fatal Nicotine Intoxications: Three Cases Report

Joo JW, Kim M, Park MJ, Ha H

Recently, fatal nicotine intoxications with electronic cigarette liquid have increased in Korea, but various kinds of cigarettes and smoking cessation aids may also cause fatal poisoning. We report cases of...
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A Case Report of Cardiac Arrest Following Intentional Ingestion of Liquid Nicotine for Electronic Cigarette

Kim JH

Acute nicotine poisoning by liquid nicotine for electronic cigarettes is becoming an increasing problem worldwide. On the other hand, there are no regulations regarding its concentration, container or labelling in...
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Histological study on the effect of nicotine on adult male guinea pig thin skin

Eltony SA, Ali SS

Tobacco smoking has been identified as an important factor in premature skin aging to detect the histological changes occurred in adult male guinea pig thin skin under the influence of...
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Transdermal Nicotine Patch Effects on EEG Power Spectra and Heart Rate Variability During Sleep of Healthy Male Adults

Choi JB, Lee YJ, Jeong DU

OBJECTIVE: The effect of transdermal nicotine patch on sleep physiology is not well established. The current study aimed to examine the influence of nicotine patch on homeostatic sleep propensity and...
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Determinants of Nicotine Dependence in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Sim YS, Lee JH, Kim KU, Ra SW, Park HY, Lee CH, Kim DK, Shin KC, Lee SH, Hwang HG, Ahn JH, Park YB, Kim YI, Yoo KH, Jeong I, Oh YM, Lee SD, KOLD Investigators

BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation is the most powerful intervention to modify progress of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and nicotine dependence is one of the most important determinants of success or...
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A Case Report of Acute Nicotine Poisoning from Subcutaneous Injection of Nicotine Solution for Electronic Cigarette

Choi J, Ko DR, You JS, Chung SP

Nicotine-poisoning related to the electronic cigarettes (e-cigarette) is increasing worldwide. Moreover, the American Association of Poison Control Centers has advised the public to use caution with e-cigarette devices and highly...
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Smoking habits and nicotine dependence of North Korean male defectors

Kim SW, Lee JM, Ban WH, Park CK, Yoon HK, Lee SH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The smoking rates and patterns in the North Korean population are not well known. More than 20,000 North Korean defectors have settled in South Korea; thus, we can estimate...
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Influence of Stress, Self-efficacy for Smoking Cessation, Smoking Temptation and Nicotine Dependency in Male College Students who Smoke

Kim NJ, Hong HS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the levels of stress, self-efficacy for smoking cessation, smoking temptation, and nicotine dependency, and to identify factors influencing nicotine dependency among...
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Accidental ingestion of E-cigarette liquid nicotine in a 15-month-old child: an infant mortality case of nicotine intoxication

Seo AD, Kim DC, Yu HJ, Kang MJ

Electronic cigarettes are novel tobacco products that are frequently used these days. The cartridge contains liquid nicotine and accidental poisoning, even with a small oral dose, endangers children. We present...
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Influence of Knowledge about Lung Cancer, Attitude and Preventive Health Behavior about Cancer on Nicotine Dependency in Smoking Male College Students

Kim NJ, Hong HS

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the influence of knowledge, attitude and preventive health behavior of cancer on nicotine dependency in male college students who have a...
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A study on the relationship between job stress and nicotine dependence in Korean workers

Son SR, Choe BM, Kim SH, Hong YS, Kim BG

BACKGROUND: Nicotine dependence and its severity are often determined by individuals’ psychosocial factors.This study purposed to analyze how Korean workers’ job stress is related with their nicotine dependence according to...
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Immunochromatographic Assessment of Salivary Cotinine and Its Correlation With Nicotine Dependence in Tobacco Chewers

Asha V, Dhanya M

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the correlation between nicotine dependence and salivary cotinine levels in tobacco chewers and checked the reliability of Fagerstorm test in tobacco cessation programmes. METHODS: The study sample...
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Letter to the Editor Regarding the Article "Suicidal Death by Nicotine Poisoning" by Jun et al.

Na JY, Park JW, Kim DW, Lee JY

No abstract available.
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Nicotine in High Concentration Causes Contraction of Isolated Strips of Rabbit Corpus Cavernosum

Nguyen HB, Lee SY, Park SH, Han JH, Lee MY, Myung SC

It is well known that cigarette smoke can cause erectile dysfunction by affecting the penile vascular system. However, the exact effects of nicotine on the corpus cavernosum remains poorly understood....
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The Effect of Spiritual Well-Being on Social Nicotine Dependence, Alcohol Consumption, Internet Overuse and Gambling among Medical Students

Kim MJ, Choi HK, Oak CH

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the spiritual well-being on social nicotine dependence, alcohol consumption, use of internet and gambling among medical students (n=271). METHODS:...
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Conditioned Place Preference and Self-Administration Induced by Nicotine in Adolescent and Adult Rats

Ahsan HM, de la Pena JBI, Botanas CJ, Kim HJ, Yu GY, Cheong JH

Nicotine addiction is a worldwide problem. However, previous studies characterizing the rewarding and reinforcing effects of nicotine in animal models have reported inconsistent findings. It was observed that the addictive...
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Effect of nicotine on the structure of cochlea of guinea pigs

Abdel-Hafez AMM, Elgayar SA, Husain OA, Thabet HS

Smoking has been positively associated with hearing loss in human. However, its effect on the cochlea has not been previously evaluated. Aim of work is to investigate the effect of...
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