J Korean Diet Assoc.  2002 Aug;8(3):260-268.

Food Behaviors, Nutrient Intake, Clinical Symptoms and Hematological Findings by Smoking Status among Male High School Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungbuk National University, Korea.
  • 2Jeungpyung Technical High School, Korea. taisun@trut.chungbuk.ac.kr

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare food behaviors, nutrient intake, clinical symptoms, and hematological findings by smoking status. Among the third grade male students from a high school in Jinchun-kun, 31 smokers and 31 nonsmokers participated in this study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to investigate food behaviors and clinical symptoms. Nutrient intake data were collected by 24-hour recall method. Blood sample was drawn from each subject to determine the levels of hemoglobin, protein, triglyceride, cholesterol, etc. The major findings were as follows; First, smokers consumed every food group except fat & oil less frequently than nonsmokers, while they consumed instant food, coffee, alcoholic beverages more frequently than nonsmokers. Dietary habits of smokers such as regularity, balanced diet, skipping meals were worse than those of non-smokers. Second, intakes of energy, fat, carbohydrate, and beta-carotene of smokers were lower than those of non-smokers. Third, smokers felt fatigue and other adverse symptoms more often than non-smokers. Fourth, the levels of hemoglobin, albumin and HDL-cholesterol were significantly lower in smokers than non-smokers. Fifth, Smoking history was negatively correlated with food behaviors, energy intake and clinical symptoms. These results suggest that food behaviors, nutrient intakes, hematological findings and clinical symptoms of male high school students were affected by smoking. Therefore, in order to decrease smoking rate of the students, the effect of smoking on nutritional and health status should be informed and nutrition education should be offered to the students.


MeSH Terms

Alcoholic Beverages
beta Carotene
Cholesterol
Coffee
Diet
Education
Energy Intake
Fatigue
Food Habits
Humans
Male*
Meals
Surveys and Questionnaires
Smoke*
Smoking*
Triglycerides
Cholesterol
Coffee
Smoke
beta Carotene
Full Text Links
  • JKDA
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr