Korean J Pediatr.  2010 Mar;53(3):432-436. 10.3345/kjp.2010.53.3.432.

Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus with macroglossia diagnosed by methylation specific PCR (MS-PCR)

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center Children's Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hwyoo@amc.seoul.kr
  • 2Medical Genetics Clinic & Laboratory, Asan Medical Center Children's Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM) has been associated with paternal uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 6, paternally inherited duplication of 6q24, or a methylation defect at a CpG island of the ZAC or HYMAI gene. We experienced a case of TNDM in which the patient presented with hyperglycemia, macroglossia, and intrauterine growth retardation, caused by a paternally derived HYMAI. An 18-day-old female infant was admitted to the hospital because of macroglossia and recurrent hyperglycemia. In addition to the macroglossia, she also presented with large fontanelles, micrognathia, and prominent eyes. Serum glucose levels were 200??00 mg/dL and they improved spontaneously 2 days after admission. To identify the presence of a maternal methylated allele, bisulfite-treated genomic DNA from peripheral blood was prepared and digested with BssHII after polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification with methylation-specific HYMAI primers. PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis showed that the patient had only the paternal origin of the HYMA1 gene. TNDM is associated with a methylation defect in chromosome 6, suggesting that an imprinted gene on chromosome 6 is responsible for this phenotype.

Keyword

Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus; Macroglossia; Methylation defect

MeSH Terms

Alleles
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6
CpG Islands
Diabetes Mellitus
DNA
Eye
Female
Fetal Growth Retardation
Glucose
Humans
Hyperglycemia
Infant
Macroglossia
Methylation
Phenotype
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
Uniparental Disomy
DNA
Glucose
Full Text Links
  • KJP
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr